Devolution as an Instrument of Sustainable Development of Canadian Statehood

230
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-12-109-119

M. Solyanova (solyanova.maria@gmail.com),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. The issue of devolution is not fully researched in science. This is especially true for modern models of federalism, successfully implemented on the world stage. Canada is such a model. Initially, the devolution was initiated to create a legal basis for the unity and equality of various provinces, territories, subjects, that differ in historical, cultural, ethnic, religious, linguistic characteristics. An effective devolutionary model promotes free expression and consideration of interests of all subjects, which makes the state system stable and secured. The Canadian devolution promotes free expression of interests of regions and local communities, national cooperation and coordination between the federal center and provinces/territories. Therefore, it is important to analyze the features of modern development of the Canadian model in terms of its successful implementation. The article investigates the system of devolution in Canada, historical conditions for the formation of the modern distribution of powers between the federal government, provinces and territories. The factors and principles of devolutionary processes development, modern trends of transferring competencies to provinces and territories, problems associated with the fact that the federal center may face the process of decentralization of power, etc. are also researched in this article.

Keywords: Canada, provinces, territories, devolution, powers, decentralization, intergovernmental relations


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For citation:
Solyanova M. Devolution as an Instrument of Sustainable Development of Canadian Statehood. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 109-119. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-12-109-119



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