Islamophobia in American Context

284
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-11-76-83

I. Shumilina (i.shumilina@iskran.ru),
Institute for the USA & Canada Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3, Khlebnyi Per., Moscow, 123995, Russian Federation 

Abstract. The period of Donald Trump’s ruling the White House has been marked by a non-typical phenomenon for the USA – the emergence of atmosphere of pressuring by the “white majority” on the Muslim minority. The latteris tending to call it “Open Islamophobia” encouraged by the President’s entourage. The American Muslims responded to it in two tracks: through intensifying efforts to annihilate the storm centers of radicalism in their milieu and through establishing a movement of political activists named “Blue Wave” aiming at gaining positions in legislative bodies. It is likely that the topic designated as “Islam and Muslims in America” is getting constant for the political life of this country, and that at all levels – from the local municipalities to the federal Congress. The situation within the Muslim communities in the USA is rather different from that in most European countries with their frequent dominance of one ethnical Muslim group over other ones (North African Arabs in France or Turks in Germany). Given a number of historical reasons, most of Muslim communities have been shaped as multi-ethnical thanks to Islam as a tool and “umbrella” for the people’s getting together. Islam became an instrument of self-identification for the natives from different ethnical groupings – Arabs, Pakistanis, Malaysians, Indonesians, etc. It means that unification and integration patterns in interpretation of Islam have been required the most. It actually leads to erosion of the radical potential within the Muslim communities. 

Keywords: Islam, Islamophobia, immigrants, racism, Blue Wave, American Muslims, radicalism, extremism 


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For citation:
Shumilina I. Islamophobia in American Context. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 11, pp. 76-83. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-11-76-83



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