I. Tsapenko (firstname.lastname@example.org),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation
Multiple changes in the development of migration processes, in their socio-economic and political context in the receiving societies require in return revising the concept of integration and reforming practices of integration policy. The latter is being transformed in three main areas. First, the decentralization of integration management is taking place, primarily by strengthening of authority, activity and responsibility of local governments. Secondly, multiactor mainstreaming is being formed. There is a shift away from targeted measures directed to migrants and their descendants towards generic social policies aimed at whole of society. Nevertheless, inclusive long-term needs-based and area-based practices are implicitly centered on migrants and ethnic minorities and combined with direct temporary initiatives affecting them. The pool of stakeholders of integration policy is expanding to involve whole of government, as well as private sector and civil society in the development and implementation of this policy. Thirdly, the urban management system is being restructured on the basis of intercultural principles. At the local level, intercultural practices are spreading in different areas of society. These changes have already led to some positive results. However, progress is not yet solid and has not been achieved in all areas. There are risks of negative effects of reforms. The complexities of multi-level interactive governance of integration and the limitation of intercultural policies by the local framework do not allow to assert the change of state-centric models of assimilationism and multiculturalism to a new paradigm of cultural differences organization on a national scale. At the moment, it is rather a set of social experiments in the field of mainstreaming and interculturalism dispersed in cities. However, in the long term, the changes that are taking place may lead to a formation of a new – more efficient, inclusive and cohesive – version of state-level diversity management.
migration, diversity, integration, integration policies, multi-level governance, decentralization, mainstreaming, interculturalism
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