Russia-EU: Soft-Power Risks in the Eurasian-Arctic Context

687
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-9-112-120

E. Labetskaya (lbtskaya@imemo.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation 



Abstract

Russia–EU relations are regarded within a framework of the ongoing author’s “Trans-Arctic study”, which allows to consider new formats of global interaction in the Arctic macro-region, often referred to as conflict-free. Behind the “conflict-free Arctic”, the hybrid policy of “Smart & Intelligent Power” hides, which is fraught with the erosion of identity in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZ RF). Soft-power risks, which are brought to the AZ RF due to transformation of the Russia–EU interaction paradigm, are its part. The modernized “Northern Sea Route” and huge natural resources of the AZ RF are a colossal “capital” of Russia, which cause envy and generate the wish of foes to exercise economic, political, cultural and information control over this “capital”. The multiplier of these challenges is the growth of global significance of the “Eurasian-Arctic field” in the Trans-Arctic, where the “soft-, smart-, intelligent-, sharp-power” has become a popular instrument of foreign policy. An analysis of the EU’s ambitious integrated Arctic strategy and its model of interactions in the region suggests that in the near future, the European Union’s presence in the Trans-Arctic will remain limited. And “soft-power risks” generated here by the EU will be “broadcast” to Russia through the actors of the Trans-Artic multi-level management system, who are closely affiliated with Brussels. For a safe Russia–EU interaction in the “Eurasian-Arctic Field” of the Trans-Arctic or in the AZ RF it is necessary to elaborate a new model, which would take into account the risk of “soft-power and sharp-power” intervention – the one that will not allow to awaken the dormant conflict-generating force of the Trans-Arctic. 


Keywords

Eurasia, the EU, Russia, Trans-Arctic, security, geopolitics, space, securitization, power 


REFERENCES

1. Keohane R.O. International Institutions: Can Interdependence Work? Foreign Policy, 1998, issue 110, Spring, pp. 82-96.

2. Bourdieu P. Sotsiologiya sotsial’nogo prostranstva [Sociology of Social Space]. (Transl. from French). Moscow, Institut eksperimental’noi sotsiologii. Sankt-Petersburg, Aleteiya, 2007. 288 p. Available at: http://bourdieu.name/files/bourdieu_pierre_sociologie_de_lespace_sociale_isbn_5893297628_ocr.pdf (accessed 08.02.2018).

3. Nye J. Gibkaya sila. Kak dobit’sya uspekha v mirovoi politike [Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics]. (Transl. from English) Moscow, Trend, 2006. 397 p.

4. Buzan B. New Patterns of Global Security in the Twenty-First Century. International Affairs, 1991, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 431-451.

5. Naryshkin Said about the United States Hybrid War against CIS Countries (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.rosbalt.ru/russia/2017/12/19/1669627.html (accessed 14.03.2018).

6. The Global Risks Report – 2018. Available at: https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-risks-report-2018 (accessed 09.02.2018).

7. Kostin Declared the Beginning of the “War” of the West against Russia (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.vestifinance.ru/articles/96732 (accessed 09.02.2018).

8. Labetskaya E.O. Transarktika: aspekty global’nogo upravleniya [Trans-Arctic: Aspects of Global Governance]. Mezhsektsionnyi sbornik 2 “Global’noe upravlenie”. Materialy VIII Konventa RAMI (aprel’ 2014 g.): nauchnoe izdanie [Intersectional Collection 2 “Global Management”. Materials of the VIII Convention of RAMI (April 2014): Scientific Edition]. Lebedeva M.M., Strezhneva M.V., Panova V.V., Nikitin A.I., eds. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo “MGIMO–Universitet”, 2015, pp. 53-61.

9. Zagorskii A.V. Nestrategicheskie voprosy bezopasnosti i sotrudnichestva v Arktike [Nonstrategic Issues of Security and Cooperation in the Arctic]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2016. 104 p. DOI:10.20542/978-5-9535-0492-8

10. Lomonosov M.V. Kratkoe opisanie raznykh puteshestvii po severnym moryam i pokazanie vozmozhnogo prokhodu Sibirskim okeanom v vostochnuyu Indiyu [Brief Description of Different Trips to Northern Seas, and Indication of a Possible Passage by Siberian Ocean to Eastern India] Available at: http://feb-web.ru/feb/lomonos/texts/lo0/lo6/lo6-417-.htm?cmd=p (accessed 14.03.2018)

11. Il’in I.A. O Rossii. Tri rechi [About Russia. Three Speeches] Available at: http://legitimist.ru/lib/philosophy/i_ilin_tri_rechi_o_rossii.pdf (accessed 10.02.2018).

12. Labetskaya E.O. Transarkticheskii kontekst strategicheskikh prioritetov RF [The Trans-Arctic Context of Russia’s Strategic Priorities]. Puti k miru i bezopasnosti, 2014, no. 2(47), pp. 81-88. Available at: https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/magazines/puty_miru/2014/December/08Labetskaya.pdf (accessed 14.03.2018).

13. Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council. An Integrated European Union Policy for the Arctic. Available at: http://eeas.europa.eu/archives/docs/arctic_region/docs/160427_joint-communication-an-integrated-european-union-policy-for-the-arctic_en.pdf (accessed 08.02.2018).

14. Meeting of the Security Council on the Implementation of Public Policy in the Arctic (In Russ.) Available at: http://news.kremlin.ru/news/20845 (accessed 14.03.2018).

15. Ehrenzeller B., Hrbek R., Malinverni G., Thurer D. Federalism and Foreign Policy. Politorbis, 2003, no. 1(32), pp. 18-38.

16. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Stated that the Arctic Should Remain a Region of Peace and Stability (In Russ.) Available at: http://tass.ru/politika/4806088 (accessed 14.03.2018).

17. Nevskaya A. US Sanctions on Russian Energy Sector: First Results and Side Effects. Available at: https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/ru/conf/2018/23012018/Nevskaya.pdf (accessed 29.01.2018).

18. The BEAR Needs to “Keep up with the Times” – Lavrov (In Russ.) Available at: https://sm-news.ru/news/vneshnyaya-politika/sber-neobkhodimo-idti-v-nogu-so-vremenem-lavrov/ (accessed 09.02.2018).

19. The Conference of the Barents Region Parliamentarians Was Opened in Naryan-Mar (In Russ.) Available at: http://nao24.ru/vlast/140-v-naryan-mare-otkrylas-konferenciya-parlamentariev-barenceva-regiona.html#hcq=YL6QTIq (accessed 09.02.2018).

20. Kharitonova E.M. “Myagkaya sila” vo vneshnei politike gosudarstva: opyt Velikobritanii (vtoraya polovina 1990-kh – 2010-e gg.). Diss. kand. pol. nauk [“Soft power” in the Foreign Policy of the State: the Experience of Great Britain (the Second Half of the 1990s – 2010s). PhD. Diss. (pol.)]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2017. Available at: https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/ru/dis/2017-002-Kharitonova-DIS.pdf (accessed 14.03.2018).

21. Surguladze V.Sh. Skrytye metody bor’by za identichnost’. “Tverdaya”, “myagkaya”, “umnaya” – budushchee vlasti v trekh litsakh sily [Hidden Methods of the Fight for Identity. “Hard-”, “Soft-” and “Smart-Power” – the Future of Power in Three Power Forms]. Problemy natsional’noi strategii, 2015, no. 4(31), pp. 233-240.

22. Nye J.S. Jr. How Sharp Power Threatens Soft Power. The Right and Wrong Ways to Respond to Authoritarian Influence. Available at: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2018-01-24/how-sharp-power-threatens-soft-power?cid=int-fls&pgtype=hpg (accessed 31.01.2018).

23. Semenenko I.S. “Novyi” natsionalizm i etnopoliticheskaya konfliktnost’: diskursy i praktiki politiki identichnosti (tezisy doklada) [“New” Nationalism and Ethnopolitical Conflict: Discourses and Practices of the Identity Policy (Theses of the Report)] Available at: https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/ru/conf/2018/05022018/05022018-TEZ-001.pdf (accessed 05.02.2018).

24. Norwegian Soft Power in the Struggle for the Arctic: How the “Barents” Change the Future in Their Favor (In Russ.) Available at: https://eadaily.com/ru/news/2015/09/10/norvezhskaya-myagkaya-sila-v-borbe-za-arktiku-kak-barency-menyayut-v-svoyu-polzu-budushchee (accessed 16.02.2018).

25. Zhuravlev A. Ne proigrat’ bitvu za Arktiku [Not to Lose the Battle for the Arctic] Available at: https://iz.ru/news/593187#ixzz3oXz1TAeZ (accessed 14.03.2018).

26. Ivanov I.S. RF i Evropa: ot romantiki k pragmatike [Russia and Europe: from Romance to Pragmatics] Available at: http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/rf-i-evropa-ot-romantiki-k-pragmatike/ (accessed 02.02.2018). 


Text 

Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Labetskaya E. Russia-EU: Soft-Power Risks in the Eurasian-Arctic Context. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, No 9, pp. 112-120. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-9-112-120



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the I, II, III issues of 2020 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial