International Cooperation in Russian Civil Aircraft Industry under Sanctions

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-8-88-96

M. Yevtodyeva (,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
I. Danilin (, 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation 


The article analyzes the dynamics of internationalization in the Russian aircraft industry over the last decade (2008–2017) using the examples of implementation of the Sukhoi Superjet and MS-21 projects within two periods – before and after the introduction of economic sanctions against the Russian Federation in 2014. The authors examine such key elements of international cooperation in civil aircraft industry as cooperation with foreign suppliers in parts and components, export deliveries to foreign airlines, cooperation in R&D, sales and after-sales services. Since 2014 each of these areas witnessed either the same persisting problems which continue to exert negative impact on the prospects of sales (especially those in repair and after-sales services), or new challenges (decline in supplies of components to foreign customers, revision of some contracts’ terms). An important part in analysis is the study of investment mechanisms in the Russian aircraft industry, including foreign investments. The authors conclude that target public financing still maintains a high share in the structure of investments in aircraft industry, whereas the share of direct foreign investments has reduced in recent years. Evidently, sanctions slowed down internationalization of the Russian civil aircraft industry. They negatively affected the relations with key foreign partners, including major suppliers and customers, as well as the largest aircraft producers. Import substitution in the Russian aviation industry is developing. However, it faces difficulties due to the need to replace a considerable number of components in different aircraft models and, consequently, to pass expensive certification of new systems and components. According to the authors, the development of the Russian civil aircraft manufacturing under Western sanctions can be ensured by generation of effective business strategies (by UAC and its constituent companies) in order to increase efficiency of funding mechanisms, sales promotion and after-sales services. 


Russia, sanctions, aircraft industry, international cooperation, United Aircraft Corporation, Sukhoi, foreign suppliers, foreign investments, import substitution 


1. The quarterly report of JSC GSS for the 3rd quarter 2016 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

2. Nikol’skii A. V chem preimushchestva novykh razrabotok rossiiskogo aviaproma [What are advantages of new developments of the Russian aviation industry]. Vedomosti, 24.08.2015.

3. Murtazin I. Sto milliardov na odnom kryle [Hundred billion on one wing]. Novaya gazeta, 31.03.2015. Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

4. The “Irkut” corporation chooses suppliers of systems for the MS-21 program. Press release (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

5. Evtod’eva M. Krizis sistemy voennogo i voenno-tekhnicheskogo sotrudnichestva Rossii s inostrannymi gosudarstvami [Crisis of system of military and military-technical cooperation of Russia with the foreign countries]. Razoruzhenie i bezopasnost’ 2013–2014 [Disarmament and security 2013–2014]. Arbatov A.G., Bubnova N.I., eds. Moscow, IMEMO, 2014, pp. 146-162.

6. The annual report of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft JSC for 2015. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

7. The strategy of development of the aviation industry of the Russian Federation till 2030. Short theses (In Russ.) Available at:!strategiya_razvitiya_aviacionnoy_promyshlennosti_rossiyskoy_federacii_na_period_do_2030_goda (accessed 04.12.2017).

8. Thales Avionics will deliver to GSS avionics for $239 million (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

9. Kiseleva M. GSS predupredila o problemakh s postavkami detalei [GSS has warned about problems with deliveries of details (In Russ.)] Vedomosti, 18.08.2015.

10. “Superjet” collided with French greed (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

11. Ministry of Industry and Trade of the RF worked out the plan of import substitution in civil aviation (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

12. The annual report of United Aircraft Corporation public JSC for 2016 (In Russ.) Available at: 16c08a5f012f952c56b0d0f068603a.pdf (accessed 04.12.2017).

13. KUMZ develops the aviation division (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

14. The second joint venture of Boeing and VSMPO-AVISMA will open in the Urals (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

15. With whom Airbus and Boeing in Russia work (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

16. VEB has completely disposed of equity stake in EADS. Vedomosti, 23.01.2014. (In Russ.)

17. Boeing design center (In Russ.) Available at:­ (accessed 04.12.2017).

18. ECAR. Разработка новых авиационных конструкций. [ECAR. Aviation Development Projects (In Russ.)] Available at:!concept-development (accessed 20.01.2018).

19. The French refuse to buy aviadetails from the Russian Federation (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

20. Kiseleva M. OAK poluchit ot gosudarstva 100 mlrd rublei na grazhdanskie tseli [UAC will receive from the state 100 billion rubles for civil purposes]. Vedomosti, 30.03.2015.

21. Vorob’ev A. “Grazhdanskie samolety Sukhogo” konvertiruyut dolgi v aktsii [Sukhoi Civil Aircraft converts debts into stocks]. Vedomosti, 23.05.2016.

22. SuperJet International company became Russian for 90% (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017).

23. Zagashvili V. Diversifikatsiya rossiiskoi ekonomiki v usloviyakh sanktsii [Diversification of Russian Economy under Sanctions]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2016, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 52-60. DOI:10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-6-52-60

24. Dement’ev V.E. OAK i razvitie rossiiskogo aviastroeniya [UAC and development of the Russian aircraft industry]. Vestnik Universiteta (State University of Management), 2009, no. 3, pp. 315-331.

25. Kuznetsova E. Proekt SSJ snizhaet oboroty [SSJ project is slowing down]. Kommersant, 05.10.2015.

26. Vorob’ev A. Pochemu prostaivayut samolety Sukhoi Superjet [Why Sukhoi Superjet planes are out of operation]. Vedomosti, 26.05.2017.

27. Mexican InterJet airline disproved messages that it put several SSJ-100 to spare parts. Ekho Moskvy, 19.01.2018 (In Russ.)

28. USA hinder supplies of Russian “Superjets” to Iran. Novye izvestiya, 18.09.2017 (In Russ.)

29. Decisions on start of formation of new Corporate center and civil division of PJSC OAK are made (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 04.12.2017). 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Yevtodyeva M., Danilin I. International Cooperation in Russian Civil Aircraft Industry under Sanctions. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, No 8, pp. 88-96.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

Current Issue
2020, vol. 64, No. 11

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • • Comparative Analyses of Terrorist Threats under Conditions of COVID 19
  • • Competitive Education in the Third Millenium: Quo Vadis?
  • • Models of Regional Leadership in Eurasia: to the New Research Agenda
  • • Russia: “Late-Take off Society” in the Whirlwind of World Politics
  • • Development of a National School of Political Science in China
View This Issue (2020, vol. 64, No. 11)
Submit an Article

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the I, II, III issues of 2020 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.


"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.


The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library or URL:

In journal
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial