Austrias and Germanys European Policy: Between Pragmatism and Right-Wing Populism

1125
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-8-54-64

V. Vasil'ev (vvi-1947@yandex.ru), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation 

Abstract. The article deals with problems of integration of the Freedom Party of Austria (FPO) and the “Alternative for Germany” Party (AfD) into the European system of parliamentarism and state governance. The analysis of the FPO participation in the Austrian government and of the AfD in Bundestag makes it possible to determine the degree of influence enjoyed by the right-wing populist parties on the policy in the fields of migration, security, EU defence as well as relations with Russia. The author has arrived at the conclusion that alliances between the conservatives and social democrats both in Austria and Germany are polarizing society, facilitate the strengthening of right-wing populists and the establishment of new nationalist-type parties. Particular attention is paid to the attempts taken by the right-wing populists in Austria and Germany to make an image of respectable parties with a pragmatic approach to the solution of topical problems. In so doing, public opinion is dangerously getting used to the incorporation of the right-wing populists in the traditional European system of governance. During the time preceding the 2019 elections to the European Parliament, the democratic parties stand a chance to mobilize the intellectual potential and human resources in order to counteract the right-wing forces. At the same time, the unpredictable character of the present international situation narrows down the potentialities for having a verified forecast of the consequences of confrontation between the pragmatism of traditional parties and their right-wing opponents. Moscow has been displaying a pragmatic approach to cooperation with the government of Austria, just like Berlin is appraising the work by the ministers of Chancellor S. Kurz on concrete issues. The experience of the AfD must not give illusions concerning its generally benign attitude to Russia. Parties in Germany, except the Left Party and a section of the Social Democratic Party of Germany, have supplied a different interpretation even to W. Brandt’s “Eastern” policy by asserting claims to Moscow. 

Keywords: Freedom Party of Austria, “Alternative for Germany” Party, German national-socialism, pragmatism, right-wing populism, European integration, Russia 


REFERENCES

1. Shveitser V., Gribovskii V. Avstriya – konservativno-natsionalisticheskii al’yans [Austria – Conservative and Nationalist Alliance]. Analiticheskaya zapiska no. 3, 2018 (no. 99). Institut Evropy RAN. Available at: http://instituteofeurope.ru/images/uploads/analitika/an99.pdf (accessed 09.03.2018).

2. Pape M. Ungleiche Brüder. Österreich und Deutschland 1945–1965. Köln, Weimer, Wien, Böhlau Verlag, 2000. 713 s.

3. Didzoleft W., Ertel M., Inlau O., Koch D., Martens H. Der Slalom um Heider. Der Spiegel. 2000, no. 7, pp. 148-152.

4. Janos L. Empörung über Minister-Video. Wiener Zeitung, 07.03.2018. Available at: https://www.wienerzeitung.at/nachrichten/europa/europastaaten/951254_Zuwanderer-verschmutzen-Wien.html (accessed 07.03.2018).

5. Al-Seriori L., Gupta O. Vom Neonazi zum Vize-Kanzler in Österreich? Deutschlandfunk Kultur, Beitrag vom 12.10.2017. Available at: http://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/fpoe-chef-strache-vom-neonazi-zum-vize-kanzler-in.979.de.html?dram:article_id=397955 (accessed 20.02.2018).

6. Bachler M., Ecker B. Innenminister Herbert Kickl: FPÖ-Strategie jenseits der Komfortzone. Trend, 10.11.2017. Available at: https://www.trend.at/politik/herbert-kickl-fpoe-stratege-komfortzone-8439580 (accessed 27.02.2018).

7. In Österreich wächst die Sehnsucht nach dem starkem Mann. Deutsche Welle, 20.04.2017. Available at: http://www.dw.com/de/in-österreich-wächst-die-sehnsucht-nach-dem-starkem-mann/a-38520756 (accessed 25.02.2018).

8. Pressekonferenz von Bundeskanzlerin Merkel und dem Bundeskanzler der Republik Österreich, Kurz. Die Bundeskanzlerin. 17.01.2018. Available at: https://www.bundeskanzlerin.de/Content/DE/Mitschrift/Pressekonferenzen/2018/01/2018-01-17-pk-bk-merkel-kurz.html (accessed 03.03.2018).

9. Bundeskanzler Kurz: Für maximale Sicherheit braucht es starke Exekutive. Bundeskanzleramt Österreich. 14.02.2018. Available at: https://www.bundeskanzleramt.gv.at/-/bundeskanzler-kurz-fur-maximale-sicherheit-braucht-es-starke-exekutive (accessed 20.02.2018).

10. Swoboda H. Die neue Regierung in Wien “Österreich wird eher nationalistisch orientiert sein”. Deutschlandfunk, 18.12.2017. Available at: http://www.deutschlandfunk.de/die-neue-regierung-in-wien-oesterreich-wird-eher.694. de.html?dram:article_id=406287 (accessed 20.02.2018).

11. Böhmer Ch. Wie die FPÖ endlich staatstragend werden will. Kurier.at, 13.02.2018. Available at: https://kurier.at/politik/inland/wie-die-fpoe-endlich-staatstragend-werden-will/310.787.317 (accessed 20.02.2018).

12. Pelinka A. FPÖ: Von der Alt-Nazi-Partei zum Prototyp des europäischen Rechtspopulismus. Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. 06.01.2017. Available at: http://www.bpb.de/politik/extremismus/rechtspopulismus/239915/fpoe-prototyp-des-europaeischen-rechtspopulismus (accessed 01.03.2018).

13. Heinrich D. Die Russlandversteher. Deutsche Welle, 20.03.2014. Available at: http://www.dw.com/de/die-russlandversteher/a-17507888 (accessed 01.03.2018).

14. Brinkbäumer K. Der Rechtsdruck. Der Spiegel. Sonderausgabe Wahl 2017, 2017, no. 1, p. 6.

15. Bender Ju. Was will die AfD? Eine Partei verändert Deutschland. München, Pantheon Verlag, 2017. 206 s.

16. Antwort der Bundesregierung. Rückführung deutscher Kunstschätze und Kulturgüter aus Polen, Russland und den Nachfolgestaaten der Sowjetunion. Deutscher Bundestag. 19. Wahlperiode. Drucksache 19/1045. 02.03.2018. Available at: http://dip21.bundestag.de/dip21/btd/19/010/1901045.pdf (accessed 15.03.2018).

17. Vasil’ev V.I. Pravyi populizm v Germanii: trevozhnaya tendentsiya [The Right-Wing Populism in Germany: Disturbing Tendency]. Scientific and analytical journal Observer, 2017, no. 1, pp. 47-65.

18. Israelische Geheimdienstlegende Rafi Eitan unterstützt AfD. Alternative für Deutschland. Berlin, 2. Februar 2018. Available at: https://www.afdbundestag.de/israelische-geheimdienstlegende-rafi-eitan-unterstuetzt-afd/ (accessed. 12.03.2018).

19. Matzner-Holzer G. Verfreundete Nachbarn. Österreich-Deutschland. Ein Verhältnis. Wien, Edition Atelier, 2005. 213 s.

20. Häusler A. Die AfD: eine Partei des rechten Wutbürgertums. POLITIKUM, 2017, no. 2, pp. 32-40.

21. Programm für Deutschland. Alternative für Deutschland. Available at: https://www.afd.de/wp-content/uploads/sites/111/2017/01/2016-06-27_afd-grundsatzprogramm_web-version.pdf (accessed 14.03.2018). 


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Vasiliev V. Austrias and Germanys European Policy: Between Pragmatism and Right-Wing Populism. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 54-64. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-8-54-64



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.