Misleading Pathway

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-6-56-66

V. Sheinis (sheynis31@gmail.com),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. It is long enough since the end of the “Russian 20th century” – Russia’s withdrawal from the communist formation – for thorough understanding and arguing on what economic and social order it has finally come to. Books are being published, serious articles appear, round-tables are being held. Different opinions collide. Reevaluation of views and values is going on. For many people, these past decades are peculiar, familiar, aching, experienced. One of the latest published books is a collective work of three well-known scientists, employees of the European University at Saint Petersburg, a merited research center. The authors of the book – Dmitrii Travin, Vladimir Gel'man and Andrei Zaostrovtsev – have introduced a thorough and distinctive analysis of problems which emerged and were left unsold on the path traveled, and of the pathway itself that does not fit into the concept of the final stage of world transit to the market and democracy. Their views and conclusions echo closely to perceptions of other eminent scientists and parties involved in the events: Aleksandr Yakovlev, Grigorii Yavlinskii, Yurii Pivovarov, Anatolii Vishnevskii, Mikhail Gefter et al. This article represents an interchange of researchers’ views on open problems of the modern Russia’s path which is not yet traveled. In particular, these are specifically compiled elements of the path where reforms were implemented: ideas, interests, institutions, illusions; the main historical curve on the way – a pivot from the communist regime to a new authoritarianism; a fundamental difference between policy politics disappearing in Russian translation; political and economic phenomenon of power ownership; collision between the European development pathway and the “Eurasian pathway” mythologema, etc. The concluding subject comprises unobvious perspectives of tomorrow: depletion of resources of an unshaped social contract between power and population; a danger of restoration process – the dead end of development; limited social and political capacities of returning to the reform path; collapse of economic system, large-scale crisis of state and society, etc. 

Keywords: historical pathway of Russia, European pathway, authoritarianism for progress, aggressive stagnant authoritarianism, stagnant authoritarianism, power ownership, triad (reform, revolution, restoration), policy vs. politics, European University at Saint Petersburg 


1. Travin D., Gel'man V., Zaostrovtsev A. Rossiiskii put': Idei. Interesy. Instituty. Illyuzii [The Russian Way: Ideas. Interests. Institutions. Illusions]. Saint Petersburg, EUSP Publishing House, 2017. 302 p.

2. Yakovlev A. Perestroika: 1985–1991. Neizdannoe, maloizvestnoe, zabytoe [Yakovlev A. Restructuring: 1985–1991. Unreleased, Little-known, Forgotten]. Moscow, International Fund “Democracy”, 2008. 872 p.

3. Yakovlev A., Omut pamyati [The Memory Vortex]. Moscow, Vagrius, 2000, 605 p.

4. Klyuchevskii V. O. Sochineniya [Collected Works]. Moscow, Mysl', 1987–1990. Vol. 9. 414 p.

5. Rozov N. S. Koleya i pereval: makrosotsiologicheskie osnovaniya strategii Rossii v XXI veke [Track and Pass: Russian Macrosociological Base Strategies in the XXI Century]. Moscow, ROSSPEN, 2011. 735 p.

6. Yavlinskii G. A. Periferiinyi avtoritarizm. Kak i kuda prishla Rossiya [Peripheral Authoritarianism. Where Russia Is Now and How She Got There]. Moscow, Medium, 2015. 230 p.

7. Pivovarov Yu. S. Russkoe nastoyashchee i sovetskoe proshloe [Russian Present and Soviet Past]. Moscow, Center for Humanitarian Initiatives; Saint-Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg University Publishing House, 2014. 336 p.

8. Balint Mad'yar. Anatomiya postkommunisticheskogo mafioznogo gosudarstva. Na primere Vengrii [Anatomy of Post-communist Mafia State. On the Example of Hungary]. Moscow, New Literary Review, 2016. 392 p.

9. Batkin L. M. Stat' Evropoi [Become Europe]. Century XX and Peace, 1988, no. 8, pp. 30-35.

10. Gefter M.Ya. Iz tekh i etikh let [From those and these years]. Moscow, Progress, 1991. 484 p.

11. Vishnevskii A. G. Chem opasen global'nyi migratsionnyi perekhod [What Is Dangerous the Global Migration Transition]. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 23.01.2018.

12. Gontmakher E. Sh. Massovaya bednost' v Rossii ugrozhaet sushchestvovaniyu strany [Mass Poverty in Russia Threatens the Existence of the Country] Available at: https://echo.msk.ru/blog/gontmaher/2132540-echo/ (accessed 19.02.2018).

13. Toshchenko Zh. T. Obshchestva travmy [Trauma Societies]. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 23.01.2018. Available at: http://www.ng.ru/stsenarii/2018-01-23/9_7156_society.html?print=Y (accessed 19.02.2018).

14. Alexei Venediktov’s Statement at the Kennan Institute (Washington), January 19, 2018 (In Russ.) Available at: https://echo.msk.ru/blog/2131890-echo (accessed 19.02.2018).

15. Pavlovskii G.O., Gefter M. Ya. Neostanovlennaya revolyutsiya 1917. 100 let v sta fragmentakh [1917. The Revolution That Has Not Stopped. A Hundred Years in a Hundred Fragments]. Moscow, Europe, 2017. 224 p. 

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Sheinis V. Misleading Pathway. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 56-66. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-6-56-66

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.