Russia in Eurasian Electric Power Integration

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-6-18-29

O. Marchenko (, Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ESI SB RAS), 130, Lermontov Str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation;
S. Podkoval’nikov (,
Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ESI SB RAS), 130, Lermontov Str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation;
V. Savel’yev (,
Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ESI SB RAS), 130, Lermontov Str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation;
S. Solomin (,
Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ESI SB RAS), 130, Lermontov Str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation;
L. Chudinova (
Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ESI SB RAS), 130, Lermontov Str., Irkutsk, 664033, Russian Federation

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared within the framework of the research project III. 17.6.2 Program of fundamental research of SB RAS, no. AAAA-A17-117030310447-3.

Abstract. The paper analyses current state and prospects of interstate power integration of Russia with the neighboring Eurasian countries. The integration is based on the creation and operation of interstate electric ties and joint construction of power facilities. The authors assess national programs of energy development in Russia and neighboring countries, forecasts of international organizations. The modeling makes it possible to determine the most economically sound options for the prospective configuration of interstate electric ties, considering technical, economic, geopolitical and environmental constraints. A retrospective analysis was made with a focus on the economic growth rates, an increase in electricity consumption due to the economic growth, a change in the energy – GDP ratio, an increase in the population number and trends in per capita electricity consumption of developing countries approaching the level of developed countries. Consideration is given to all countries bordering Russia. They are arranged in 5 groups: 1) Scandinavia and Baltic states; 2) Eastern Europe; 3) the Caucasus and Asia Minor; 4) Central and South Asia; 5) East Asia. It is shown that the most important factors determining the need and capability of electric power integration are the economic growth rates, the increase in electricity consumption and the extent to which the countries are provided with their own natural resources. In this context, the conclusion is made that power export to the countries of East Asia, particularly Japan and Republic of Korea, will be the most effective. Russia, with its favorable geographical position, large territory, extended latitudinal electric network infrastructure and great potential of natural energy resources, can play an essential role in building the Eurasian supergrid. In this case, Russia (as well as other countries participating in the electric power integration) may gain numerous positive system benefits: a) reduced costs of commissioning new capacities; b) improved operating conditions of power facilities (on a daily and annual basis); c) increased reliability of the integrated power system; d) more renewable generation in the energy balances of different countries; and e) the countries with substantial energy resources, in particular Russia, will get considerable revenues from exports. Moreover, the energy integration will facilitate closer political relations among the involved countries and normalization of the international situation at whole. 

Keywords: electric power integration, forecast, power consumption, systemic benefits, Russia, Eurasia 


1. Belyaev L.S., Podkoval'nikov S.V., Savel'ev V.A., Chudinova L. Yu. Effektivnost' mezhgosudarstvennykh elektricheskikh svyazei [Effectiveness of interstate electric ties]. Novosibirsk, Publishing House of Siberian Branch of RAS, 2008. 239 p.

2. Gellings C. W. Let's Build a Global Power Grid? IEEE Spectrum. Available at: (accessed 28.09.2017).

3. Belyaev L.S., Voropai N.I., Marchenko O.V., Podkoval'nikov S.V., Savel'ev V.A., Solomin S.V., Chudinova L. Yu. Elektroenergeticheskaya integratsiya Rossii v Evraziiskoe prostranstvo: usloviya i rol' gidroenergeticheskikh resursov [Electric power integration of Russia in the Eurasian space: conditions and role of hydropower resources]. Energy Policy, 2016, iss. 1. Hydropower XXI Centuries: Russia and Global Integration, pp. 26-36.

4. Lu Chenya. Global'noe energeticheskoe ob"edinenie [Global energy interconnection]. (Transl. from Chinese)] Moscow, Publishing house of MEI, 2016. 512 p.

5. Belyaev L.S., Voropai N.I., Koshcheev L. A. Perspektivy razvitiya mezhgosudarstvennykh energob’edinenii na Evraziiskom superkontinent [Prospects for the development of inter-state power grids in the Eurasian supercontinent]. Proceedings of RAS. Energy, 2000, no. 2, pp. 27-35.

6. Barinov V.A., Bushuev V.V., Samorodov G. I. Strukturno-tekhnologicheskii forsait razvitiya EES Rossii kak infrastruktury Evrazii [Structural and technological foresight of the development of UES of Russia as infrastructure of Eurasia]. Energy Policy, 2014, no. 3, pp. 43-40.

7. Voropai N.I., ed. Obosnovanie razvitiya elektroenergeticheskikh sistem: metodologiya, modeli, metody, ikh ispol'zovanie [Justification of expansion of electric power systems: methodology, models, methods, their use]. Novosibirsk, Nauka, 2015. 448 p.

8. Makarov A.A., Galkina A.A., Grushevenko E.V., Grushevenko D.A., Kulagin V.A., Mitrova T.A., Sorokin S. N. Perspektivy mirovoi energetiki do 2040 g. [Global energy markets outlook up to 2040]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2014, no. 1, pp. 3-20.

9. Belyaev L.S., Marchenko O.V., Solomin S.V. A Study of the Long-term Trends in the Development of the Energy Sector of Russia and the World. Thermal Engineering, 2011, vol. 58, pp. 1087-1093. DOI:10.1134/S0040601511130039.

10. Belyaev L.S., Marchenko O.V., Filippov S.P., Solomin S. V. Studies on Competitiveness of Space and Terrestrial Solar Power Plants Using Global Energy Model. International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2006, vol. 25, pp. 94-108. DOI:10.1504/IJGEI.2006.008386.

11. Marchenko O.V., Solomin S. V. System Studies for Analyzing the Efficiency of Renewable Energy Sources. Thermal Engineering, 2010, vol. 57, pp. 919-924. DOI:10.1134/S0040601510110029.

12. EU Energy, Transport and GHG Emissions Trends to 2050. Brussels, European Commission, 2013. 173 p. DOI:10.2833/17897.

13. Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok, Asian Development Bank, October 2013. 543 p.

14. APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook. Detailed Results Tables and Graphs for Business-as-Usual, High Gas and Transportation Scenarios. Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre, February 2013. Available at: (accessed 28.09.2017).

15. Yearly Statistics & Adequacy Retrospect 2015. ENTSO-E, 2016. Available at: (accessed 17.10.2017).

16. New Electricity Connections between Lithuania, Poland and Sweden Create “Baltic Ring”. European Commission, December 2015. Available at: (accessed 17.10.2017).

17. Baltic Sea Regional Projects. Status Report. ENTSO-E, Baltic Sea Regional Group, 2011. 15 p.

18. Statistical Report on 49 Years of Activities of Iran Electric Power Industry (1967–2015). Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Energy, 2016. Available at: (accessed 18.09.2017).

19. Company Operations / Trading / Electricity Export and Import. Inter RAO EES. Available at: (accessed 17.10.2017).

20. Kustova I. Regional Electricity Cooperation in the South Caucasus: Cross-border Trade Opportunities and Regional Regulatory Uncertainties. Occasional paper series. Brussels, Energy Charter Secretariat Knowledge Centre, 2016. 37 p.

21. Armenia, Georgia, Iran and Russia Sign Energy Memorandum. UAWire, 15.04.2016. Available at: (accessed 17.10.2017).

22. Chemodanov V.N., Adamokov R.K., Karpova O. S. Obzor rossiiskikh i zarubezhnykh proektov energeticheskikh mostov s uchetom perspektiv razvitiya gidroenergetiki [Overview of Russian and foreign projects of energy bridges taking into account the prospects of hydropower development]. Energy Policy, 2016, iss. 1. Hydropower XXI Centuries: Russia and Global Integration. pp. 66-70.

23. Black Sea Regional Transmission Planning Project Phase II. Balkans and Regional. Washington, USEA, 2010. 99 .

24. Absametova A., Chudinova L. Yu., Podkoval’nikov S.V., Savel’ev V.A., Trofimov G.G., Volkova E.D., Zakharov A. A. Integration Processes in the Power Sectors of the EDB Member States. Almaty, EDB Sector Report, no. 15, 2012. 64 p.

25. Elmurodov M. Cooperation in the Sphere of Energy Is Developing. Uzbekistan National News Agency, 20.12.2017. vailable at: (accessed 17.01.2018).

26. Sharma R., Markandya A., Sachdeva A., eds. Central Asia – Regional Electricity Export Potential Study: Main Report. Washington, World Bank, 2004. 86 p.

27. Central Asia – South Asia Electricity Transmission and Trade (CASA‑1000). Project Feasibility Study Update. Final Report. SNC-Lavalin International Inc., 2011. 345 p.

28. Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan to Jointly Build Kambarata HPP. AzerNews, 09.10.2017. Available at: (accessed 17.10.2017).

29. Voropai N.I., Saneev B.G., eds. Vostochnyi vektor energeticheskoi strategii Rossii. Sovremennoe sostoyanie, vzglyad v budushchee [Eastern vector of Russia’s energy strategy. Current state, look into future]. Novosibirsk, Publishing House “GEO”, 2011. p. 368.

30. Chudinova L. Yu., Podkoval’nikov S.V., Savel’ev V. A. Prospects of Electric Energy Cooperation between Russia and Northeast Asian Countries. Studies on Russian Economic Development, 2015, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 403-412. DOI:10.1134/S1075700715040085

31. Belyaev L.S., Voropai N.I., Podkovalnikov S.V., eds. Prospects of Electricity Infrastructure in East Asia. Power Engineering Society General Meeting, IEEE, 2005, vol. 2, pp. 1536-1539. DOI:10.1109/PES.2005.1489190

32. Belyaev L.S., Kim H.-Y., Lyu T.-H., eds. Comprehensive Assessment of the Effectiveness of Interstate Electric Ties in Northeast Asia. Symposium Schedule: All-Russian Conference “Energy Russia in XXI Century: Development Strategy – Eastern Vector” and International Conference AEC-2010 “Asian Energy Cooperation: What Is after Crisis? Available at: (accessed 28.09.2017).

33. Otsuki T. Electric Power Grid Interconnections in Northeast Asia. A Quantitative Analysis of Economic and Environmental Benefits. Tokyo, Institute of Energy Economics, Nov. 2015. 98 p.

34. Podkoval'nikov S.V., Savel'ev V.A., Chudinova L. Yu. Issledovanie sistemnoi effektivnosti formirovaniya mezhgosudarstvennogo energoob"edineniya Severo-Vostochnoi Azii [Study of system effectiveness of interstate power grid to be developed in Northeast Asia]. Proceedings of RAS. Energy, 2015, no. 5, pp. 16-32.

35. Podkoval'nikov S.V., Savel'ev V.A., Hamisov O.V., Chudinova L. Yu. Obosnovanie effektivnosti mezhgosudarstvennykh energoob"edinenii s razdeleniem effektov mezhdu uchastnikami [Justification of effectiveness of interstate power grids with sharing benefits among participants]. Automation and Remote Control, 2018 (forthcoming).

36. Basic Production and Technical Characteristics of Unipro. Perfomance Indicators. Moscow, Unipro, 2017. Available at: (accessed 29.11.2017).

37. Annual Report 2016. Moscow, Enel Russia, 2017. Available at: (accessed 29.11.2017).

38. FORTUM – for a Cleaner World. Investor / Analyst Material. Espoo, FORTUM, March 2017. 54 p. Available at: (accessed 17.01.2018).

39. Report on the functioning of the unified power system in 2016. Moscow, SO UPS, 2017. 39 p. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 29.11.2017).

40. Meeting of the CIS Council of Heads of Government. Available at: (accessed 18.10.2017). 

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Marchenko O., Savelyev V., Podkovalnikov S., Solomin S., Chudinova L. Russia in Eurasian Electric Power Integration. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 6, pp. 18-29.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.