Political Perspective on the Post-Soviet Space Globalization: Cities and States

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-25-34

I. Frost (frostirinaleonidovna@gmail.com),
Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography, 9, Schongauerstr., Leipzig 04328, Germany;
M. Podkorytova (mpodkorytova@gmail.com),
Saint Petersburg State University, 7–9, Universitetskaya naberezhnaya, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation 

Abstract. In a rapidly globalizing world, cities have acquired a prominent position. Thus, one can argue for a city-centric rather than a state-centric world. While not denying that globalization is assuredly changing a relationship between national states and cities, in the paper, the authors question the applicability of the city-centric globalization within the post-Soviet space. The paper addresses two questions. Firstly, by analyzing locational strategies of international organizations within the post-Soviet space, the study is aimed to reveal a relative level of globalization of post-Soviet cities. Secondly, through analysis of the list of globalizing cities within the post-Soviet space the authors explore the relationship between states and cities in the process of this globalization. Three types of international organizations have been investigated: diplomatic representatives, international government organizations and international non-government organizations. The study has revealed 28 cities highly involved in international political affairs. Even though cities from all post-Soviet states formed the final list, some ex-Soviet states are represented better than the others. Moreover, the lists of cities and countries are different regarding the type of international organizations. The results are discussed through the prism of the relationship between a city and a state. The analysis of the list of the cities leads to the conclusion of co-dependency between national conditions and the level of urban globalization. The paper argues the mutual interdependence between the involvement into globalization process and the significance of state institutions when the advantages of the world leading states and cities are continuously enlarging. This result acquires particular importance as in the current state of world cities’ research, the national aspect remains unexamined as a sort of hidden effect on space globalization. 

Keywords: globalization, post-Soviet space, city, world city, city networks, international state and non-governmental organizations


1. Taylor P.J., Derudder B., Faulconbridge J., Hoyler M., Ni P. Advanced Producer Service Firms as Strategic Networks, Global Cities as Strategic Places. Economic Geography, 2014, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 267-291.

2. Friedmann J. The World City Hypothesis. Development and Change, 1986, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 69-83.

3. Sassen S. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1991. 412 p.

4. Massey D. World City. Cambridge, Polity Press, 2007. 272 p.

5. Taylor P. Extraordinary Cities: Millennia of Moral Syndromes, World-Systems and City/State Relations. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013. 448 p.

6. Knight R.V. City Building in Global Society. Cities in Global Society. Knight R.V., Gappert G., eds. Newbury Park, Sage, 1989, pp. 326-334.

7. Treivish A.I., Kurasov A.V. Mirovye goroda v postindusyrial’noi ekonomike [World Cities in Postindustrial Economics]. Mir Rossii, 2009, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 34-46.

8. Mart’yanov V.S. Seti i ierarkhii gorodov v global’nom mire: modernizatsionnyi potentsial i predely ekspansii [Network and the Hierarchy of the Citiesin the Global World. Challenge to Nation-States and Limits of the Expansion]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2017, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 57-66. DOI:10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-6-57-66

9. Brenner N., and Schmid C. Towards a new epistemology of the urban? City, 2015, vol. 19, no. 2-3, pp. 151-182.

10. Hoyler M. External Relations of German Cities through Intra-firm Networks – A Global Perspective. Raumforschung und Raumordnung, 2011, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 147-159.

11. Treivish A.I. Gorod, raion, strana i mir: Razvitie Rossii glazami stranoveda [City, Region, Country and World: Development of Russia in the Eyes of the Regional Geographer]. Moscow, Novyi Khronograf, 2009. 376 p.

12. Taylor P.J. The State as Container: Territoriality in the Modern World-System. Progress in Human Geography, 1994, vol. 18, no 2, pp.151-162.

13. Taylor P. New Political Geographies: Global Civil Society and Global Governance through World City Networks. Political Geography, 2005, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 703-730. DOI:10.1016/j.polgeo.2005.01.009.

14. Phelps E. Mass Flourishing: How Grassroots Innovation Created Jobs, Challenge, and Change. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2013. 378 p. [Russ. ed. Phelps E. Massovoe protsvetanie: Kak nizovye innovatsii stali istochnikom rabochikh mest, novikh vozmozhnostey i izmenenii. Moscow, Izdatel’stvo Instituta Gaidara, 2015. 472 p.]

15. Stiglitz J. Globalization and the Economic Role of the State in the New Millennium. Industrial and Corporate Change, 2003, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 3-26. Available at: https://www8.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/jstiglitz/sites/jstiglitz/files/2003_Globalization_and_the_Economic_Role.pdf (accessed 22.08.2017).

16. Rosenblat C. Opening the Black Box of Agglomeration Economies for Measuring Cities‘ Competitiveness through International Firm Networks. Urban Studies, 2010, vol. 47, no. 13, pp. 2841-2865.

17. Jacobs J. The Economy of Cities. New York, Vintage, 1970. 288 p.

18. Dicken P. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy. Sixth Edition. London, The Guilford Press, 2011. 600 p.

19. Allen J. Powerful City Networks: More than Connections, Less than Domination and Control. Urban Studies, 2010, vol. 47, no. 13, pp. 2895-2911. DOI:10.1177/0042098010377364.

20. Pain K., Hamme G., van Vinciguerra S., David Q. Global Networks, Cities and Economic Performance: Observations from an Analysis of Cities in Europe and the USA. Urban Studies, 2015, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1137-1161. DOI:10.1177/0042098015577303.

21. Taylor P.J., Walker, D. R.F. World Cities: A First Multivariate Analysis of their Service Complexes. Urban Studies, 2001, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 23-47.

22. Djankov S. 17–9 The City of London after Brexit. Available at: https://piie.com/system/files/documents/pb17-9.pdf (accessed 22.08.2017).

23. Liu X., Derudder B., Witlox F., Hoyler M. Cities as Networks within Networks of Cities: The Evolution of the City/Firm-Duality in the World City Network, 2000–2010. Tijdschr Voor Econimische en Sociale Geografie, 2014, vol. 105, no. 4, pp. 465-482.

24. The World According to GaWC. Available at: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/gawcworlds.html (accessed 22.08.2017).

25. ESPON 2020 Cooperation Program. FOCI. Future Orientation of the Cities. Final Scientific Report. ESPON, 2010. Available at: https://www.espon.eu/programme/projects/espon-2013/applied-research/foci-future-orientation-cities (accessed 22.08.2017).

26. Su N., Xue D., Agnew J. World Cities and International Organizations: Political Global-city Status of Chinese Cities. Chinese Geographical Science, 2014, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 362-374. DOI:10.1007/s11769-014-0677-2.

27. Tumanov S.N. Mezhdunarodnye mezhpravitel’stvennye organizatsii: ponyatie i funktsional’naya kharakteristika [International Intergovernmental Organizations: the Concept and Functional Characteristics]. Voprosy rossiiskogo i mezhdunarodnogo prava, 2016, no. 11(6), pp. 3-16.

28. The Top 100 NGOs 2013. Global. Available at: https://www.sfcg.org/articles/GJ%20Issue%2015%20-%20Top%20100%20NGOs%202013.pdf (accessed 22.08.2017). 

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Frost I., Podkorytova M. Political Perspective on the Post-Soviet Space Globalization: Cities and States. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 25-34. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-25-34

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 5
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Are There Any Ways to Break Through the Korean Nuclear Impasse?
  • Contemporary U.S. Taiwan Policy: Balancing on the Edge
  • The Gulf Monarchies’ Vision of the Global Order Transformations and the Russian Place in It
  • At Post-Soviet Space
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.