Iraq Kurds as the Vanguard of the Kurdish National Movement

435
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-55-62

S. Ivanov (s.ivanov@imemo.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation 



Abstract

The article examines the state and prospects of development of the Kurdish national movement at the present stage, analyzes the role and significance of the Kurdish community in Iraq and regional geopolitics. The author pays special attention to contribution of the Iraqi Kurds to the fight against forces of international terrorism represented by radical Islamist groups as well as to results of referendum of Iraqi Kurdistan on independence of the Kurdish region. Despite the fact that the outcome of referendum on independence of Iraqi Kurdistan has so far failed to be realized, a status of the subject of federation in Iraq enjoying fairly broad rights and powers allows Iraqi Kurds to successfully solve the pressing political, social and economic problems of the Kurdish region and to maintain their national identity. Many experts come to conclusion that Iraqi Kurdistan is becoming an oasis of relative stability and security in Iraq and the region as a whole. The issue of creating the Great Kurdistan is considered separately. Author believes that this project can hardly be considered real, since there is no single general Kurdish organization, ideology or leader today. The most vital problem is to achieve the unity of political forces in each of the Kurdish areas. The disunity of Kurds continues to harm the Kurdish national movement. Author notes that the greatest success in its self-determination was achieved by the Iraqi Kurds who have already enjoyed almost equal rights with the Arab majority of Iraq. In his opinion, a possibility of resolving all disputable issues between Baghdad and Erbil peacefully at the negotiating table has not been exhausted yet. 


Keywords

Middle East, Iraqi Kurdistan, self-determination of Kurds, radical Islamists, central authorities 


REFERENCES

1. Ivanov S.M. Kurdy kak garanty mira i bezopasnosti na Blizhnem Vostoke [Kurds as guarantors of peace and security in the Middle East, information site on Kurds and Kurdistan RIATAZA] Available at: http://riataza.com/2017/08/23/kurdyi-kak-garantyi-mira-i-bezopasnosti-na-blizhnem-vostoke/ (accessed 23.08.2017).

2. Vernyaev K.V., Zhigalina O.I., Ivanov S.M. Politicheskie processy v kurdskih arealakh Zapadnoi Azii (Irane, Turtsii, Sirii, Irake) [Political processes in the Kurdish areas of Western Asia (Iran, Turkey, Syria, Iraq)]. Moscow, Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2013. 142 p.

3. Lazarev M.S. Kurdskii vopros na rubezhe tysyacheletii [Kurdish issue at the turn of the millennium]. Moscow, Institute of Oriental Studies, RAS, 2004.130 p.

4. Vertyaev K.V., Ivanov S.M. Kurdskii natsionalizm: Istoriya i sovremennost’ [Kurdish nationalism: History and Modernity]. Moscow, LENAND Publishing House, Moscow, 2015. 352 p.

5. Ivanov S.M. Vooruzhennye sily Irakskogo Kurdistana [The Armed Forces of Iraqi Kurdistan, the information site on Kurds and Kurdistan RIATAZA] Available at: http://riataza.com/2017/06/10/vooruzhennyie-silyi-irakskogo-kurdistana/ (accessed 10.06.2017).

6. Ivanov S.M. Irakskim kurdam ne dayut vozmozhnosti realizovat’ itogi referendum [Iraqi Kurds are not allowed to implement the results of the referendum]. The online magazine Kurdistan.ru. Available at: http://kurdistan.ru/2017/10/30/articles-30984_Irakskim_kurdam_ne_dayut_vozmozhnosti_realizovat_itogi_referenduma.html (accessed 30.10.2017).

7. Ivanov S.M. Kurdy vosstanavlivayut istoricheskuyu spravedlivost’ [Kurds restore historical justice, Independent Military Review]. Nezavisimoe voennoe obozrenie. Available at: http://nvo.ng.ru/gpolit/2017-04-07/1_943_kurds.html (accessed 07.04.2017).

8. Arbatov A.G., ed. Kurdskii faktor v regional’noi geopolitike [Kurdish factor in regional geopolitics (Materials of the round table)]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2015. 119 p. 


Text 

Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Ivanov S. Iraq Kurds as the Vanguard of the Kurdish National Movement. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, No 4, pp. 55-62. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-55-62



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the I, II, III issues of 2020 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial