Evolution of the International Development Assistance System in the UK (1997-2016)

754
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-35-44
O. Kul’kova (kulkova-olga@yandex.ru),
Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 30/1, Spiridonovka Str., Moscow, 123001, Russian Federation

 

Acknowledgement. The article is prepared at the expense of the Russian Fund for Fundamental Research grant 15-07-00061a “International development assistance as foreign policy tool: foreign experience”. 


Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of the evolution that the British system of international development assistance has undergone from 1997 to 2016 in the course of changing Labour and Conservative governments in power. Attention is paid to how the evaluation of aid effectiveness was conducted, how interdepartmental interaction was carried out in implementing the goals of promoting international development. The relevance of the article is based on the fact that it shows the historical evolution of the British governments’ approaches to strategic planning and implementation of the international development assistance policy, basing on the analysis of a wide range of documentary sources and scientific research. One of the most important conclusions is that since 1997, Britain has made the international development assistance sphere one of its major domestic and foreign policy priorities, and this persists despite the transfer of power from Labour to Coalition and then Conservative governments. In the current British strategy of aid for development, the emphasis is placed on linking this aid to ensuring security, overcoming conflicts, to the “securitization” agenda, and to the promotion of trade with developing countries. Under the government of Theresa May, the British system of international development assistance is awaiting a new round of reforming, as the country has entered a turbulence zone caused by the initiated process of its withdrawal from the EU. Most likely, the forms of cooperation between the Department for International Development and the EU agencies and organizations responsible for aid provision will be reviewed. It is also quite possible that DFID’s very existence can be placed under question in the future. The system of the UK aid to international development is facing many challenges presently. However, despite serious problems, the British aid policy has many strong assets and continues to develop. The UK has enshrined in law its commitment to spend 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) on aid every year, which made it the first G7 country to meet the UN’s 45-year-old aid spending target. This shows Britain’s commitment to keep its place among the major donors and, moreover, to influence the global development agenda.

Keywords: United Kingdom (UK), Department for International Development (DFID), international development assistance, official development assistance (ODA), development aid, reform of the British international development assistance system

REFERENCES

1. Pacquement F. How Development Assistance from France and the United Kingdom Has Evolved: Fifty Years on from Decolonisation. International Development Policy, 2010, no. 1, pp. 51-75.

2. Burnell P. Britain’s New Government, New White Paper, New Aid? Eliminating World Poverty: a Challenge for the 21st Century. Third World Quarterly, 1998, vol. 19, no 4, pp. 787-802. DOI: 10.1080/01436599814244

3. Slater D., Bell M. Aid and the Geopolitics of the Post-Colonial: Critical Reflections on New Labour’s Overseas Development Strategy. Development and Change, 2002, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 335-360.

4. Department for International Development. What We Do. Available at: http://www.dfid.gov.uk/default.asp (accessed 20.11.2017).

5. Davis T.W.D. Foreign Aid in Australia’s Relationship with the South: Institutional Narratives. The Round Table, 2011, vol. 100, no. 415, pp. 389-406. DOI:10.1080/00358533.2011.595254

6. Keeping Our Promises on the MDGs: DFID’s Progress So Far. Aid, Trade, Growth & Global Partnership. The National Archives. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20071104143829/; http://www.dfid.gov.uk/mdg/progress-07.asp (accessed 20.11.2017).

7. Statistics on International Development 2016. Department for International Development. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/572063/statistics-on-international-development-2016a.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

8. FCO and British Council Aid Responses to the Arab Spring. ICAI Report 24. June 2013. Available at: https://icai.independent.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/FCO-and-British-Council-Aid-Responses-to-the-Arab-Spring-Report.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

9. Our Common Interest. Report of the Commission for Africa. March 2005. Available at: http://www.commissionforafrica.info/wp-content/uploads/2005-report/11-03-05_cr_report.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

10. Denney L. The Militarisation of Foreign Aid. Contemporary Review, March 2012, pp. 31-32.

11. Klingebiel S., Mahn T., Negre M., eds. The Fragmentation of Aid: Concepts, Measurements and Implications for Development Cooperation. London, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016. 359 p. DOI:10.1057/978-1-137-55357-7

12. DFID Adopting New UK Aid Logo to Highlight Britain’s Work. The Telegraph, 06.07.2009. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/5759544/DFID-adopting-new-UKaid-logo-to-highlight-Britains-work.html (accessed 20.11.2017).

13. Mungcal I. A New Look for UK Foreign Aid. DEVEX, 25.06.2012. Available at: https://www.devex.com/news/a-newlook-for-uk-foreign-aid-78529 (accessed 20.11.2017).

14. Stewart J. Stop Branding Aid. WhyDev, 29.10.2012. Available at: http://www.whydev.org/stop-branding-aid/?fb_comment_id=287992921317246_1237784#f24a9d9be585148 (accessed 20.11.2017).

15. Development Co-operation Report. 50th Anniversary Edition. OECD. 2011. Available at: http://www.oecd.org/dac/developmentco-operationreport2011.htm (accessed 20.11.2017).

16. Invitation to Join the Government of Britain. The Conservative Manifesto 2010. Available at: https://www.conservatives.com/~/media/Files/Manifesto2010 (accessed 20.11.2017).

17. Carghill T. More with Less: Trends in UK Diplomatic Engagement in Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa Programme Paper: AFP PP 2011/03. Chatham House, May 2011. Available at: https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/files/chathamhouse/19366_0511pp_cargill.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

18. Africa: DFID’s Aid Priorities and Africa. AllAfrica, 12.01.2012. Available at: http://allafrica.com/stories/201201120864.html (accessed 20.11.2017).

19. Elliott L. Does the Aid Bill Really Show the UK’s Commitment to Development? The Guardian, 07.12.2014. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/business/economics-blog/2014/dec/07/aid-bill-uk-commitment-development-gordon-brown (accessed 18.04.2018).

20. The Strategic Defence and Security Review “Securing Britain in an Age of Uncertainty”. HM Government. October 2010. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-strategic-defence-and-security-review-securing-britain-in-an-age-of-uncertainty (accessed 18.04.2018).

21. UK Aid: Tackling Global Challenges in the National Interest. HM Treasury, Department for International Development. November 2015. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/478834/ODA_strategy_final_web_0905.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

22. National Security Strategy and Strategic Defence and Security Review 2015 “A Secure and Prosperous United Kingdom”. HM Government. November 2015. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/555607/2015_Strategic_Defence_and_Security_Review.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

23. UK Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. 2016. First Report of Session 2016–17. House of Commons International Development Committee. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmintdev/103/103.pdf (accessed 20.11.2017).

24. Kharitonova E.M. Programmy sodeistviya mezhdunarodnomu razvitiyu I natsional’naya bezopasnost’: opyt Velikobritanii [Programmes of International Development Assistance and National Security: Experience of Great Britain]. Puti k miru i bezopasnosti, 2015, no. 2(49), pp. 29-43.

25. About Us. Independent Commission for Aid Impact. Available at: http://icai.independent.gov.uk/about-us/ (accessed 20.11.2017).

26. Development Co-operation Report 2015. Making Partnerships Effective Coalitions for Action. Available at: http://www.oecd.org/dac/developmentco-operationreport2015makingpartnershipseffectivecoalitionsforaction.htm (accessed 20.11.2017).

27. Tempest M. UK Aid Minister Promises to Keep 0.7% Target Post-Brexit. Euraktiv, 19.08.2016. Available at: https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/uk-aid-minister-promises-to-keep-0-7-target-post-brexit/ (accessed 20.11.2017).

28. More than 25% of UK Aid Budget Will Be Spent by Other Ministries by 2020. Euraktiv, 26.09.2016. Available at: https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/more-than-25-of-uk-aid-budget-will-be-spent-by-other-ministries-by-2020/ (accessed 18.04.2018).

29. New UK Development Minister Plans Aid Review Based on ‘Conservative Values’. Euraktiv, 14.09.2016. Available at: https://www.euractiv.com/section/development-policy/news/new-uk-development-minister-plans-aid-review-based-onconservative-values/ (accessed 20.11.2017).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Kulkova O. Evolution of the International Development Assistance System in the UK (1997-2016). World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 35-44. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-4-35-44



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.