Canada and the Ukrainian Crisis

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-12-92-99

D. Volodin (, 
Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3, Khlebnyi Per., Moscow 121069, Russian Federation 

Abstract. Canada‘s attitude to the events in Ukraine in 2013–2018 is determined by two factors: general solidarity with western countries and the presence of a large Ukrainian diaspora there. Initially (November 2013 – February 2014), Canada viewed the Ukrainian crisis as an internal political one. However, after the entry of Crimea into Russia, Ottawa began to consider the crisis as international, as a confrontation between Russia and the West. It began to impose the first sanctions against Russia after the Crimean referendum. Primarily, these sanctions were rather limited, but after the beginning of full-scale hostilities in the east of Ukraine in the summer-autumn of 2014, Canada began to introduce sectoral sanctions. Ottawa‘s active participation in various programs of military assistance to Kiev reflects not only solidarity with other member countries of NATO. The Ukrainian diaspora represented by its chief lobby – the Ukrainian Canadian Congress – forces the Canadian government to act more actively in Ukraine, including the military sphere. Military assistance to Kiev is in the context of Ottawa‘s support of Ukraine’s membership in NATO. On the other hand, it is often necessary to separate the real Canadian aid to Ukraine from the “grandstanding”. For example, the discussion in Canada about participation in a possible UN peacekeeping operation in Ukraine was initiated by the Conservative Party primarily as an opportunity to weaken their political opponents – the ruling Liberal Party in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 2019. The conservatives‘ proposal for a UN peacekeeping operation contained elements that made it impossible for Russia to accept this proposal. Canadian military assistance to Ukraine is becoming more and more significant and diverse. Ottawa is ready to supply lethal weapons to Kiev. In spite of it, Canada reluctantly agreed to deploy its troops in Latvia. Ottawa took this step not because of the NATO’s request, but under U.S. pressure

Keywords: Canada, Ukrainian crisis, Ukrainian Canadian Congress, sanctions, NATO, Canada’s foreign policy 


1. Canada Disappointed with Ukraine’s Suspension of Preparations for Ukraine-European Union Agreement. 22.11.2013. Available at: (accessed 26.03.2018).

2. Desjardins L. Canadians Demand and Get Action on Ukraine. 28.01.2014. Available at: (accessed 25.03.2018).

3. Canadians Rally in Support of Anti-Government Protesters in Ukraine. 08.12.2013. Available at: (accessed 25.03.2018).

4. Mazereeuw P. Ukrainian Canadian Congress, the Politician’s Sounding Board. The Embassy, 05.02.2014.

5. Canada Welcomes Presidential Transition in Ukraine. 24.02. 2014. Available at: (26.03.2018).

6. Issraelian Eu.V. Uchastie Kanady v antirossiiskikh sanktsiyakh [Canadian Participation in Sanctions against Russia]. USA & Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture, 2015, no. 4 (544), pp. 64-75.

7. Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations. Current to 18.03.2018 and Last Amended on 18.03.2016. Available at: (accessed 26.03.2018).

8. Berthiaume L. Canada to Send CF-18s to Eastern Europe. The Ottawa Citizen, 18.04.2014.

9. Chase S. Canada to Join Show of Strength on Border of Russian Air Space. The Globe and Mail, 11.07.2014.

10. Operation Unifier. Available at: (accessed 25.10.2017).

11. UNIFIER Instructors Were Permitted to Work in Ukraine Except for the ATO Zone. 22.06.2017 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 14.03.2018).

12. Canada Sent More Military to Ukraine. 26.01.2018 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 14.03.2018).

13. Pugliese D. Canadian Arms Manufacturer Hopes to Sell Ukraine Assault Rifles. The National Post, 15.02.2018.

14. Rasmussen A. Peace in Ukraine Requires a Carrot and Stick Approach. The Globe and Mail, 16.10.2017.

15. The USA Wanted to Deploy 20,000 Peacekeepers in the Donbass. 10.11.2017. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.03.2018).

16. Emmott R. Ukraine Crisis Needs 20,000-strong U. N. Force: Report. 12.02.2018. Available at: (accessed 15.03.2018).

17. Chase S. Pressure Builds on Ottawa to Launch Ukraine Peacekeeping Mission. The Globe and Mail, 09.11.2017.

18. MacCharles T. Canada Considers Ukraine Mission. The Toronto Star, 10.11.2017.

19. Robertson D. Send Peacekeepers to Ukraine, Conservative Urges. The Winnipeg Free Press, 10.11.2017.

20. Canada Must Ask Tough Questions (Editorial). The National Post, 11.11.2017.

21. A Bad Liberal Idea, Topped by the Tories (Editorial). The Globe and Mail, 13.11.2017.

22. MacDonald I. Why We’re not Putting Peacekeepers on the Ground in Ukraine – Or Anywhere Else. 14.11.2017. Available at: (accessed 16.03.2018).

23. Taylor S. Canada’s Ukraine Solution Misses the Mark. 14.11.2017. Available at: (accessed 16.03.2018).

24. Fisher M. Canada Contributes to Bolstering Military Presence in Europe. The Ottawa Citizen, 25.06.2017.

25. President Barack Obama’s Speech to Parliament. 29.06.2016. Available at: (accessed 25.10.2017).

26. Mulroney B. If Canada Expects NATO to Do More on Global Security, We Must Do More for NATO. 20.06.2016. Available at: (accessed 25.10.2017).

27. Vigliotti M. With Trump Presidency Looming, General Vance Defends Canada’s Contributions to NATO. The Hill Times, 16.11.2016.

28. Canada to Spend More on Defence, Sajjan Says, But Non-Committal on NATO. The Ottawa Citizen, 17.02.2017.

29. Joint Statement by Prime Minister Trudeau and President Poroshenko. Toronto (Ontario). 22.09.2017. Available at: (accessed 25.10.2017).

30. Bucharest Summit Declaration. 03.04.2008. Available at: (accessed 25.10.2017).

31. Enlargement. 09.03.2018. Available at: (accessed 19.03.2018). 

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Volodin D. Canada and the Ukrainian Crisis. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 92-99.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2023, vol. 67, No. 11
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Digital Confrontation between USA and China: Economic and Political Dimensions
  • Russia-China Partnership in the Context of US-China Rivalry
  • Shaping of the “China Threat” Concept in the U.S. Expert-Political Discourse
  • Race for Nanometers: American Policy Toward Taiwan and Republic of Korea
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.