Canada and the Ukrainian Crisis

493
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-12-92-99

D. Volodin (dmvldn@gmail.com), 
Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3, Khlebnyi Per., Moscow 121069, Russian Federation 



Abstract

Canada‘s attitude to the events in Ukraine in 2013–2018 is determined by two factors: general solidarity with western countries and the presence of a large Ukrainian diaspora there. Initially (November 2013 – February 2014), Canada viewed the Ukrainian crisis as an internal political one. However, after the entry of Crimea into Russia, Ottawa began to consider the crisis as international, as a confrontation between Russia and the West. It began to impose the first sanctions against Russia after the Crimean referendum. Primarily, these sanctions were rather limited, but after the beginning of full-scale hostilities in the east of Ukraine in the summer-autumn of 2014, Canada began to introduce sectoral sanctions. Ottawa‘s active participation in various programs of military assistance to Kiev reflects not only solidarity with other member countries of NATO. The Ukrainian diaspora represented by its chief lobby – the Ukrainian Canadian Congress – forces the Canadian government to act more actively in Ukraine, including the military sphere. Military assistance to Kiev is in the context of Ottawa‘s support of Ukraine’s membership in NATO. On the other hand, it is often necessary to separate the real Canadian aid to Ukraine from the “grandstanding”. For example, the discussion in Canada about participation in a possible UN peacekeeping operation in Ukraine was initiated by the Conservative Party primarily as an opportunity to weaken their political opponents – the ruling Liberal Party in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 2019. The conservatives‘ proposal for a UN peacekeeping operation contained elements that made it impossible for Russia to accept this proposal. Canadian military assistance to Ukraine is becoming more and more significant and diverse. Ottawa is ready to supply lethal weapons to Kiev. In spite of it, Canada reluctantly agreed to deploy its troops in Latvia. Ottawa took this step not because of the NATO’s request, but under U.S. pressure


Keywords

Canada, Ukrainian crisis, Ukrainian Canadian Congress, sanctions, NATO, Canada’s foreign policy 


REFERENCES

1. Canada Disappointed with Ukraine’s Suspension of Preparations for Ukraine-European Union Agreement. 22.11.2013. Available at: https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2013/11/canada-disappointed-ukraine-suspension-preparations-ukraine-european-union-agreement.html (accessed 26.03.2018).

2. Desjardins L. Canadians Demand and Get Action on Ukraine. 28.01.2014. Available at: http://www.rcinet.ca/en/2014/01/28/canadians-demand-and-get-action-on-ukraine/ (accessed 25.03.2018).

3. Canadians Rally in Support of Anti-Government Protesters in Ukraine. 08.12.2013. Available at: http://toronto.citynews.ca/2013/12/08/canadians-rally-in-support-of-anti-government-protesters-in-ukraine/ (accessed 25.03.2018).

4. Mazereeuw P. Ukrainian Canadian Congress, the Politician’s Sounding Board. The Embassy, 05.02.2014.

5. Canada Welcomes Presidential Transition in Ukraine. 24.02. 2014. Available at: https://www.canada.ca/en/news/archive/2014/02/canada-welcomes-presidential-transition-ukraine.html (26.03.2018).

6. Issraelian Eu.V. Uchastie Kanady v antirossiiskikh sanktsiyakh [Canadian Participation in Sanctions against Russia]. USA & Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture, 2015, no. 4 (544), pp. 64-75.

7. Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations. Current to 18.03.2018 and Last Amended on 18.03.2016. Available at: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2014-58/FullText.html (accessed 26.03.2018).

8. Berthiaume L. Canada to Send CF-18s to Eastern Europe. The Ottawa Citizen, 18.04.2014.

9. Chase S. Canada to Join Show of Strength on Border of Russian Air Space. The Globe and Mail, 11.07.2014.

10. Operation Unifier. Available at: http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/operations-abroad/op-unifier.page (accessed 25.10.2017).

11. UNIFIER Instructors Were Permitted to Work in Ukraine Except for the ATO Zone. 22.06.2017 (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.ukrinform.ru/rubric-society/2252464-instruktoram-unifier-razresili-rabotat-v-ukraine-krome-zony-ato.html (accessed 14.03.2018).

12. Canada Sent More Military to Ukraine. 26.01.2018 (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.dsnews.ua/society/kanada-prislala-bolshe-voennyh-v-ukrainu-26012018200000 (accessed 14.03.2018).

13. Pugliese D. Canadian Arms Manufacturer Hopes to Sell Ukraine Assault Rifles. The National Post, 15.02.2018.

14. Rasmussen A. Peace in Ukraine Requires a Carrot and Stick Approach. The Globe and Mail, 16.10.2017.

15. The USA Wanted to Deploy 20,000 Peacekeepers in the Donbass. 10.11.2017. (In Russ.) Available at: https://lenta.ru/news/2017/11/10/donbass/ (accessed 15.03.2018).

16. Emmott R. Ukraine Crisis Needs 20,000-strong U. N. Force: Report. 12.02.2018. Available at: https://www.reuterAs.com/article/us-ukraine-crisis-peacekeepers/ukraine-crisis-needs-20000-strong-u-n-force-report-idUSKBN1FW168 (accessed 15.03.2018).

17. Chase S. Pressure Builds on Ottawa to Launch Ukraine Peacekeeping Mission. The Globe and Mail, 09.11.2017.

18. MacCharles T. Canada Considers Ukraine Mission. The Toronto Star, 10.11.2017.

19. Robertson D. Send Peacekeepers to Ukraine, Conservative Urges. The Winnipeg Free Press, 10.11.2017.

20. Canada Must Ask Tough Questions (Editorial). The National Post, 11.11.2017.

21. A Bad Liberal Idea, Topped by the Tories (Editorial). The Globe and Mail, 13.11.2017.

22. MacDonald I. Why We’re not Putting Peacekeepers on the Ground in Ukraine – Or Anywhere Else. 14.11.2017. Available at: https://ipolitics.ca/2017/11/14/not-putting-peacekeepers-ground-ukraine-anywhere-else/ (accessed 16.03.2018).

23. Taylor S. Canada’s Ukraine Solution Misses the Mark. 14.11.2017. Available at: http://thechronicleherald.ca/opinion/1520460-taylor-canada%E2%80%99s-ukraine-solution-misses-the-mark (accessed 16.03.2018).

24. Fisher M. Canada Contributes to Bolstering Military Presence in Europe. The Ottawa Citizen, 25.06.2017.

25. President Barack Obama’s Speech to Parliament. 29.06.2016. Available at: http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/president-barack-obama-full-speech-parliament-1.3659229 (accessed 25.10.2017).

26. Mulroney B. If Canada Expects NATO to Do More on Global Security, We Must Do More for NATO. 20.06.2016. Available at: https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/if-canada-expects-nato-to-do-more-on-global-security-we-must-do-more-for-nato/article30525896/?ref=http://www.theglobeandmail.com& (accessed 25.10.2017).

27. Vigliotti M. With Trump Presidency Looming, General Vance Defends Canada’s Contributions to NATO. The Hill Times, 16.11.2016.

28. Canada to Spend More on Defence, Sajjan Says, But Non-Committal on NATO. The Ottawa Citizen, 17.02.2017.

29. Joint Statement by Prime Minister Trudeau and President Poroshenko. Toronto (Ontario). 22.09.2017. Available at: http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2017/09/22/joint-statement-prime-minister-trudeau-and-president-poroshenko (accessed 25.10.2017).

30. Bucharest Summit Declaration. 03.04.2008. Available at: https://www.nato.int/cps/ru/natohq/official_texts_8443.htm?selectedLocale=en (accessed 25.10.2017).

31. Enlargement. 09.03.2018. Available at: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/topics_49212.htm# (accessed 19.03.2018). 


Text 

Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Volodin D. Canada and the Ukrainian Crisis. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, No 12, pp. 92-99. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-12-92-99



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2021, vol. 65, No. 4

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  •  Coronacrisis in the EU: a Knock-Down or a Jump-Off for Integration? 
  •  Latin America in the South-South Cooperation Against the Background of Globalization Controversies 
  •  Reforming the Saudi Economy: Results and Perspectives 
  •  Non-Western Theories of Development in the Global Capitalism Era
  •  About an Attempt to Create a Theory of International Relations in IMEMO in the 1970s
View This Issue (2021, vol. 65, No. 4)
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the IV issue of 2020 and I issue of 2021 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial