New EU Member States National Security Priorities

794
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-10-46-54

E. Shumitskaya (e.v.shumitskaya@gmail.com), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation;
P. Sokolova (p_sokolova@mail.ru), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation 

Abstract. Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia have entered the European Union on its latest enlargement waves, and also share several specific features such as a relatively short period of existence as independent nation-states, the Communist past and short experience of democratic development. These commonalities unite them under the name “new EU member states”. The article analyzes their key national priorities in the security field. The authors come to a conclusion that for Bulgaria and Romania, main security concerns are connected to domestic issues such as fundamental economic problems, poverty of the population, high corruption level, and demographic problems. In Croatia, in its turn, both the government and population share an understanding that main security threats come from outside of the country, namely from the neighboring Western Balkan republics, where the process of nation-state building has not been completed and a fragile stabilization through the process of Euro-Atlantic integration can be interrupted by the outburst of violence which can involve Croatia. One of the main concerns for Croatia is the situation of Croatian population in Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the National Security strategies, Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia have delegated their security guarantees to external actors, namely to NATO and the EU, after they had become full members of both organizations. They demonstrate solidarity with the approach of these organizations to transnational threats such as illegal migration, international terrorism, WMD proliferation and organized crime. The Ukrainian crisis has raised concerns in Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia about possible hostile Russian behavior and intensified their relations with the U.S. – a traditional partner for all three states in the security field. The authors describe the role of the United States in military planning and modernization of defence capabilities of Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia and come to a conclusion that this special bond as well as shared Atlantism make the three countries strong supporters of the idea that the development of the European autonomous defence potential should by no means duplicate or question the role of NATO. 

Keywords: national security, new EU member states, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, European Union, NATO 


REFERENCES

1. Key Indicators of Bulgaria. Bulgarian National Statistical Institute (In Bulg.) Available at: http://www.nsi.bg/sites/default/files/files/pressreleases/KeyInd2017-12_5YYC5CV.pdf (accessed 12.03.2018).

2. Economy: Rumania. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html (accessed 12.03.2018).

3. Glinkina S.P., Kulikova N.V., eds. Strany Tsentral’noi i Vostochnoi Evropy – novye chleny Evropeiskogo Soyuza: problemy adaptatsii [Central and Eastern European Countries – New Members of the European Union: Challenges of Adaptation]. Moscow, Nauka, 2010. 495 p.

4. Bulgaria. Available at: https://freedomhouse.org/report/nations-transit/2016/bulgaria (accessed 08.06.2018).

5. Chirieac B. Romania, in pielea goala [Romania, in Naked Skin (In Rom.)]. DCNews, 25.01.2016 Available at: https://www.dcnews.ro/romania-in-pielea-goala_495605.html#sthash.SY9TzPOw.dpuf (accessed 08.06.2018).

6. EK About Bulgarian Economy: Lack of Trust and Investment, Excess of Corruption and Instability. Novinite.ru, 09.03.2016 (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.novinite.ru/articles/21057/E%D0%9A+%D0%BE%D0%B1+%D1%8D%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B5+%D0%91%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B3%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B8%3A+%D0%9D%D0%B5%D1%85%D0%B2%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B0+%D0%B4%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F+%D0%B8+%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B9%2C+%D0%B8%D0%B7%D0%B1%D1%8B%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BA+%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%80%D1%83%D0%BF%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%B8+%D0%B8+%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B8 (accessed 22.03.2018).

7. More Than 200 Romanian Citizens Leave the Country Every Day. Point, 27.11.2017 (In Russ.) Available at: https://m.point.md/ru/novosti/v-mire/bolee-200-grazhdan-rumynii-ezhednevno-bezvozvratno-pokidaiut-stranu (accessed 17.03.2018).

8. Bitkova T.G. Vneshnepoliticheskie orientiry Rumynii: Analiticheskii obzor [Romania’s Foreign Policy Orientation: Analytical Overview]. Moscow, INION RAN, 2016. 96 p.

9. Naumescu V. Redeschiderea dosarului istorical Estului. Razboi in Europa [Revision of the Historic Events in the East. The War in Europe]. Timpul.md, 05.09.2014 (In Rom.) Available at: https://www.timpul.md/articol/valentin-naumescu-redeschiderea-dosarului-istoric-al-estului-razboi-in-europa-apararea-cibernetica-sau-nato-ii-63059.html (accessed 09.06.2018).

10. Gosu A. Razboiul Rusiei importiva Ucrainei. Cum se pozitioneaza Romania? [The Russia’s War against Ukraine. What Is Romanian Position?] CursDeGuvernare, 02.03.2014 (In Rom.) Available at: http://cursdeguvernare.ro/armand-gosu-razboiul-rusiei-impotriva-ucrainei-cum-se-pozitioneaza-romania.html (accessed 17.03.2018).

11. Sondaj INSCOP: Ce tari simpatizeaza s iantipatizeaza romanii. Germania si Rusia, la extreme [The Indicative Pool: Whom Do Romanians Sympathize and Whom Don’t? Germany and Russia are Extremes]. INSCOP research, 30.07.2014. (In Rom.) Available at: http://www.inscop.ro/31-iulie-2014-dcnews-sondaj-inscop-ce-tari-simpatizeaza-si-antipatizeaza-romanii-germania-si-rusia-la-extreme/ (accessed 17.03.2018).

12. The Poll: Most Citizens of Bulgaria Have a Positive Attitude to Russia. RIA Novosti, 16/03/2015 (In Russ.) Available at: https://ria.ru/world/20150316/1052862241.html (accessed 17.03.2018).

13. The United States Will Put Romania 7 Patriot Air Defense System. Voennoe obozrenie, 12.07.2017 (In Russ.) Available at: https://topwar.ru/120250-ssha-postavyat-rumynii-7-zrk-patriot.html (accessed 17.03.2018).

14. NATO: Bulgarian Army Needs Funding and Adequate Training of Military Personnel. TASS, 30.09.2015 (In Russ.) Available at: http://tass.ru/mezhdunarodnaya-panorama/2304223 (accessed 15.01.2018).

15. Security-Intelligence Agency 2017. Available at: https://www.soa.hr/UserFiles/File/pdf/SOA-Public-Report-2017.pdf (accessed 03.03.2018).

16. Strategija nacionalne sigurnosti Republike Hrvatske. Narodne Novine. Sluzbeni List Respublike Hrvatske. [National Security Strategy of Republic of Croatia. Public News. Official List of Republic of Croatia (In Croat.)] Available at: https://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2017_07_73_1772.html (accessed 03.03.2018).

17. Shared Vision, Common Action, a Stronger Europe. A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy. June 2016. Available at: http://europa.eu/globalstrategy/sites/globalstrategy/files/pages/files/eugs_review_web_13.pdf (accessed 12.03.2018).

18. White Book on Defense of Republic of Serbia. Belgrade, 2010 (In Serb.) Available at: http://www.mod.gov.rs/multimedia/file/staticki_sadrzaj/dokumenta/strategije/Bela_Knjiga-Srpski.pdf (accessed 09.06.2018).

19. Pivovarenko A. A. Khorvatiya: istoriya, politika, ideologiya. Konets XX – nachalo XXI veka [Croatia: History, Politics, Ideology. Late XX – Early XXI]. SPb., Nestor-Istoriya, 2018. 357 p.

20. Pavlic V. Defense Minister: “EU Army” Should not Duplicate NATO. Total Croatia News, 28.09.2016. Available at: https://www.total-croatia-news.com/item/14230-defence-minister-eu-army-should-not-duplicate-nato/ (accessed 09.06.2018). 


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Shumitskaya E., Sokolova P. New EU Member States National Security Priorities. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2018, vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 46-54. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-10-46-54



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.