Politicians and Journalists in the Era of Communication Revolution

244
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-9-111-120

N. Lapina (lapina_n@mail.ru),
Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAS), 51/21, Nakhimovskii Prosp., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation 

Abstract. Communication permeates all spheres of public life, to influence politics, the formation of political meanings, images and ideas. In the modern world, politics is done with help of innovative methods of communication. The article examines how the relationship between politics and journalism in France transformed during the Fifth Republic due to change in the political regime and an increasing role of communication in the society. At the beginning of the Fifth Republic, the information policy had been formed by the power of the state; however, this power gradually abandoned a tight control over radio and television. In the new century, politics has been more closely approaching the media. In the era of media politics, politicians successfully master the latest methods of communication with the audience, while journalists focus less on the information content than on commenting and evaluation. Politicians are getting involved in the creation of a “political spectacle” together with journalists to whet the interest of the public. On the basis of interviews conducted by the author of the article, it can be traced how politicians and journalists evaluate their interaction and react to changes in their own social roles. It has been shown that the activities of politicians and journalists are getting closer; these activities obey the logic of “the current situation”, they are characterized by conspicuous behaviors. The number of participants in the process of political communication has been growing; judges and investigators are getting involved. As a result of reforms, the institution of the Presidency has strengthened in France, despite the fact that at the same time, the society underwent a process of de-sacralization of the presidential power. Increasingly, presidents have become objects for journalistic and criminal investigations, while legal ways to protect the privacy of the president are absent. However, media popularity of politicians does not convert into a public trust. Opinion polls of recent years show that the majority of the French population does not trust the political elite. It is not clear if political actors will be able to overcome the limitations brought by the age of revolution in communications and to convert the capital of virtual connections into real interaction with society.

Keywords: communication revolution, media policy, communication, Ch. de Gaulle, N. Sarkozy, F. Mitterrand, F. Holland, political media alliance 


REFERENCES

1. Kastel’s M. Vlast’ kommunikacii [Communication Power]. Moscow, Izd. dom Vysshej shkoly ekonomiki, 2016. 564 p.

2. Duhamel A. Une histoire personnelle de la V-e Republique. Paris, Plon, 2014. 320 p.

3. Trierweiller V. Merci pour ce moment. Paris, Le livre de poche, 2015. 384 p.

4. Peyrefitte A. C’etait de Gaulle. Paris, Fayard, 1994. 653 .

5. Lapina N. Yu. Elity i politicheskie instituty Pyatoi respubliki [Elites and Polical Institutions of the Fifth Republic]. Frantsiya na poroge peremen. Ekonomika i politika v nachale XXI veka [France on the Verge of Change. Economics and Politics at the Beginning of the XXI Century]. Kuznetsov A. V., Klinova M. V., Kudryavtsev A. K., Timofeev P. P., eds. Moscow, IMEMO, 2016, pp. 96-108.

6. hapsal J. La vie politique sous la V-e Republique. Paris, PUF, 1981. 708 p.

7. Kessler M.-C. Valerie Giscard d’Esteing et les republicains independants: realites et perspectives. Revue francaise de science politique, 1966, no. 5, pp. 940-957.

8. Changer la vie. Programme de gouvernement du parti socialiste. Paris, Flammarion, 1972. 232 p.

9. Giesbert J.-O. Monsieur le President. Scenes de la vie politique (2005–2011). Paris, Flammarion, 2011. 286 p.

10. Baudriller M. Une histoire trouble de la V-e Republique. Le poison des affaires. Paris, Tallandier, 2015. 397 p.

11. Radiographie des deputes francais sur le Twitter. Available at: http://www.augure.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/radiographie-deputes-francais-twitter.pdf (accessed 11.07.2014).

12. Melenchon concurrence Norman. L’Obs, 2016, 8-14 dec., no. 2718, . 14-16.

13. Rouban L. La politique par le haut. Les entourages de l’executif de Nicolas Sarkozy a Francois Hollande. Paris, CEVIPOF, 2015. 3 p.

14. Rouban L. Les sommets de l’executif urbain: les maires des villes de plus de 30000 habitants entre 1983 et 2014. Revue francaise d’administration publique, 2015, no. 2, pp. 377-390.

15. Antonin A., Rissouli K. Conversations privees avec le president. Paris, Albin Michel, 2016. 350 p.

16. Jauvert V. La face cachee du Quai d’Orsey: enquete sur un ministere a la derive. Paris, Robert Laffont, 2016. 302 p.

17. Marteau S., Zemouri A. L’Elysee off. Secrets, trahisons et coups tordus au palais. Paris, Fayard, 2016. 213 .

18. Liste de sondages sur l’election presidentielle francaise de 2017. Available at: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liste_de_sondages_sur_l%27%C3%A9lection_pr%C3%A9sidentielle_fran%C3%A7aise_de_2017 (accessed 25.01.2017).

19. Le Pen M. Skvoz’ vrazhdebnye volny [Trough the Waves of Hostile]. Moscow, Kuchkovo pole, 2016. 319 .

20. Mayaffre D. Nicolas Sarkozy. Mesure et demesure du duscours (2007–2012). Paris, Presse de la Fondation des sciences politques, 2012. 360 p.

21. Mathieu B. Mesto prezidenta Respubliki vo frantsuzskoi institutsional’noi sisteme: Ot teksta k praktike [The Place of President in Franch Institutional System: From Text to Practice]. Politicheskie instituty Rossii i Frantsii: Traditsii i sovremennost’ [The Political Institution of Russia and France, Tradition and Modernity]. Efremenko D. V., Lapina N. Yu., eds. Moscow, INION RAN, 2014, p. 113-127.

22. Courtois G., Finchelstein G., Perrineau P., Teinturier B. Fractures francaises 2015-vague 1. Paris, Fondation Jean Jaures, 2015. 51 p. 


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Lapina N. Politicians and Journalists in the Era of Communication Revolution. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2017, vol. 61, No 9, pp. 111-120. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-9-111-120



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Current Issue
2023, vol. 67, No. 3
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Tax Instruments to Stimulate Innovations in EU Countries 
  • Russia and Western Balkans: Realized and Missed Opportunities in Trade
  • Spanish Society: Stable Instability 
  • ASEAN and the Myanmar Dilemma 
  • Greater Middle East
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.