New Challenges for the European Union Political Systems

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-2-23-32
V. Sheinis (,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation 


Abstract. Economic and political integration of European states has had its ups and downs. At present, the European Union has fallen into crisis, probably the most acute in history. Solution approaches to emerging problems are not clear. This creates excessive tensions and accelerates apprehensive attitudes. But the processes breaking out in Europe, which have already changed its layout, have objective reasons, and their main results are irreversible. The European societies are facing challenging but solvable problems. First of all, the EU is undergoing the most broad-scale migration crisis after the World War II. Actions taken are at best able to alleviate the acuteness of the situation, but are unlikely to bring a working solution in the long run. On the one hand, Europe can neither cut itself off the increasing influx of the foreign culture, nor absorb it or assure the conflict free coexistence between migrants and the native population. On the other hand, the aggressive rejection of migrants by nationalist and racist groups constitutes a big danger. In whole, all this makes a grim social cocktail which threatens the European democracy and solidarity. Acute contradictions between the former USSR and European countries are based on their own history. Since the times of restructuring in the USSR, the concept of an expected serious turn in relations between Russia and the West once for all has been forming. However, now the falseness of it became obvious. Not even a satisfactory solution of one utterly acute Ukrainian crisis is forthcoming. And it may be followed by other crises. Assailable elements became apparent also in the EU itself. The highest contradictions point here was the Brexit – the referendum where the British people have by a small majority taken an unprecedented decision of leaving the EU. The European democracy is greatly endangered by bursts of nationalism, radical populism and social aggression in some EU states (Poland and especially Hungary). The European societies and politicians are to give an answer which way the fundamentals of the EU integration and the European civilization itself may and must be protected in the face of the modern world’s severe challenges. 

Keywords: migration crisis as a tip of complicated problems, Ukrainian crisis and a backward turn in Europe– Russia relations, assailable elements of the European Union, Brexit, political devolution in Poland and Hungary


1. Sheinis V. Evropeiskaya integratsiya vchera i segodnya [European Integration in Past and Present]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2017, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 53-66.

2. Huntington S. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1996. 368 p.

3. Arbatova N. K., Kokeev A. M., eds. ES pered vyzovom migratsionnogo krizisa. Pozitsii evropeiskikh stran [The EU in the Face of Migration Crisis. Positions of European Countries]. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2016. 52 p.

4. Plekhanov I. Voennye novosti: skol’ko millionov migrantov khlynut v Evropu vesnoi [Military News: How Many Millions of Migrant Workers Will Rush to Europe in the Spring] Available at: (accessed 20.10.2016).

5. Speech and the Following Discussion at the Munich Conference on Security Policy 10.02.2007 (In Russ.)] Available at: (accessed 20.10.2016).

6. Yurgens I., Kulik S. Vechnye sputniki: Rossiya i Evropa v menyayushchemsya mire [Eternal Companions: Russia and Europe in a Changing World]. Moscow, Ekon-inform, 2013. 254 p.

7. Arbatova N. K., ed. Otnosheniya Evrosoyuz–Rossiya i Ukrainskii krizis [EU–Russia Relations and the Ukrainian Crisis]. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2014. 183 p.

8. Public Opinion – 2015. Moscow, Levada-Center, 2016. 308 p. (In Russ)

9. On the Crisis in the EU and the New Russia’s Partners. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 19.02.2016 (In Russ.)

10. Sanctions. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 27.04.2016 (In Russ.)

11. Pastukhov V. Blazhenny mirotvortsy, ili Evropa mezhdu Myunkhenom i Yaltoi [Blessed are the peacemakers, or Europe between Munchen and Yalta]. Novaya gazeta, 27.03.2015.

12. Referendum on Ukraine’s Association Has Been a Serious Test for the EU. Novaya gazeta, 11.04.2016 (In Russ.)

13. Shveitser V. Referendum v Niderlandakh i ego echo [The Referendum in the Netherlands and Its Echo]. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 12.04.2016.

14. Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the Press Conference Following the Foreign Affairs Council. Brussels. 14.03.2016. Available at: http://eeas/ (accessed 20.10.2016).

15. Ermolaev A. Strane nuzhna peredyshka [The Country Needs a Break]. Zerkalo nedeli. Ukraina, 08.04.2016.

16. Mironenko V. Rossiya i Ukraina: chto dal’she? Doklad na Kruglom stole v Fonde “Liberal’naya missiya” [Russia and Ukraine: What Next? A Report at the Round Table in the Fund “Liberal Mission”]. Moscow, 05.04.2016. Available at: (accessed 20.10.2016).

17. Klyamkin I., Shevtsova L., eds. Put’ v Evropu [A Way to Europe]. Moscow, Novoe izdatel’stvo, 2008. 400 p.

18. Polish ed.: Modzelewski K. Zajeździmy kobyłę historii. Wyznania poobijanego jeźdźca. Warszawa, Widawnictwo Iskry, 2013. 456 s.

19. Nikiforov K.V., ed. Revolyutsii i reformy v stranakh Tsentral’noi i Yugo-Vostochnoi Evropy: 20 let spustya [Revolutions and Reforms in the Countries of Central and South-Eastern Europe: 20 Years Later]. Moscow, ROSSPEN, 2011. 776 p.

20. Parliamentary Elections in Poland. 2005, 2007, 2011, 2015 (In Russ.) Available at: https://ru.wikipedia.jrg/wiki/ (accessed 24.10.2016).

21. Partii Pravo i spravedlivost’ skazhem stop [One Must Say Stop to the Party “Law and Justice”]. Novaya Polsha, Warszawa, 2016, no. 1, pp. 6-7. Available at: (accessed 24.10.2016).

22. New Cold War. Split of the Hungarian Society. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2009. 224 p. (In Russ.)

23. Parliamentary Elections in Hungary. 2006. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 24.10.2016).

24. Parliamentary Elections in Hungary 2010, 2014 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 24.10.2016).

25. Kornai Ya. Vengriya: razvorot na 180° [Hungary: a 180-degree turn]. Rigas laiks (Russ. ed.), Autumn 2015, pp. 6-16. Available at: (accessed 24.10.2016).

26. Mad’ar B. Anatomi’a postkomunisticheskogo mafioznogo gosudarstva. Na primere Vengrii [Anatomy of the Post-Communist Mafia State (Example of Hungary)]. Moscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2016. 390 p. 

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Sheinis V. New Challenges for the European Union Political Systems. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2017, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 23-32.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.