From Liberal World Order to Normalization of International Relations

730
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-12-5-17

M. Entin (entinmark@gmail.com),
MGIMO University, 76, Vernadskogo Prosp., Moscow 119454, Russian Federation.
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU), 14, A. Nevskogo Str., Kaliningrad, 236041, Russian Federation;
E. Entina (ambassadrisse@gmail.com),
National Research University High School of Economics, 20, Myasnitskaya Str., Moscow 101000, Russian Federation. Institute of Europe RAN, 11/3, Mokhovaya Str., Moscow, 125993, Russian Federation 

Abstract. Nowadays, it has become very popular to say that the life span of liberal world order is over. The authors of the article do not share this view. They explain that liberal world order does not exist and never existed. It is not more than an ideological construct, which is tremendously beneficial to its designers and supporters, giving excuses and rationale for intervening, imposing and suppressing. It is proved by evidences taken from the present day functioning of world economy and world politics as well as from what is going on in the USA and the EU countries. What exists at the national, transnational and world level is a liberal cluster. It is in permanent competition with a lot of others. Lately, the liberal cluster was less successful than ever. Its inability to win the competition is exacerbated by the permanent crisis it tries to cope with. The challenge of populism, extreme right and left movements, low growth, etc. had a tremendous impact on it. To survive, it has started to change and evolve towards populist and nationalist liberalism. Political systems of the USA and a number of European countries have proved to be very flexible. They have absorbed the shock of change and new social and economic trends. But at the international level, such flexibility is lacking entirely. The inability of populist and nationalist liberal cluster to adapt to new reality generates international tensions, conflicts, uncertainty. This is a road to nowhere. If this reality is acknowledged it will pave the way for an entirely new understanding of transformational processes the USA and the EU countries are undergoing now. It will provide everybody with an opportunity to develop new approaches to international relations and common future. In such a way, international tensions could be eased, making international relations much more reliable, rational and comfortable. International community may succeed in transforming the world into an inclusive one and reshaping the world governance conforming to real needs of all countries and their population. 

Keywords: liberal world order, world politics, world economy, evolution of political systems, USA, China, Russia, EU countries, normalization of international relations 


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For citation:
Entin M., Entina E. From Liberal World Order to Normalization of International Relations. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2017, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 5-17. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-12-5-17



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