Country And Autonomy as Accounting Units in Contemporary World

254
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-11-66-75

O. Podvintsev, (podvintsev2009@yandex.ru),
Perm Federal Research Centre, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 13a, Lenina Str., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation;
K. Sulimov (k.sulimov@yandex.ru),
Perm State University, 15, Bukireva Str., Perm, 614990, Russian Federation

Acknowledgements. The article has been supported by a grant of the Russian Science Foundation. Project 15-18-00034 “Securing a Balance in Interethnic Relations: Regional Autonomies, the State Integrity and the Rights of Ethnic Minorities”. 



Abstract

The article examines the usage of the term "country" in describing and studying the forms of the modern world territorial organization. In ordinary discourse, this term is widely used for reference to a class of territorial units which are intuitively characterized by some kind of commonality. However, this commonality can be exposed and understood through some other terms and concepts. Juxtaposition of the terms "country", "state", and "autonomy" allows making the nature and the structure of the modern world territorial arrangement more clear. Also, it contributes to a conceptual discussion about "territories with special status". The term "state" specifies a political-institutional dimension of territorial formation, and the term "country" defines its cultural, including political-cultural dimension. Between these dimensions there are complex relationships of interdependence and repulsion. The terms "country" and "state" have both common attributes (territory and population), and specific ones ("power" — in relation to the "state" and "politicized cultural identity" — in relation to the country). The discrepancy between territorial boundaries of the "state" and the "country" may lead to the emergence of "autonomy" as a territorial entity. That is, "power" and "identity" conflict with each other in the territorial dimension. The emergence of the "country" as a political actor is a condition for realization of this possibility. It raises a question of the "country’s" political and institutional status based on its "cultural" specifics.


Keywords

country, sovereign state, autonomy, colonial and continental empire, territory with special status 


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For citation:
Podvintsev O., Sulimov K. Country And Autonomy as Accounting Units in Contemporary World. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2017, vol. 61, No 11, pp. 66-75. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2017-61-11-66-75



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