T. Rovinskaya, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation (email@example.com)
Abstract. The article presents the first part of the research on the American Pirate Parties activity from their formation (dating back to 2006) up to the present time. It deals with the history of the Pirate Movement in the U.S., main events that defined its present condition, shaping of its ideological platform based on the political philosophy of cyber-libertarianism. The process of globalization involving not only the economic domain and world policy, but also the information sphere, creates strong challenges to information as a public asset. Capitalizing of the "information market" by few large corporations at the domestic level (in the U.S.) and worldwide, regarding the information of any kind as a business commodity, lobbying of private companies' interests for a change in the law lead to multiple civil rights violations, state censorship, social injustice. In the digital world, the violation of civil rights is often disguised, and may not be as vivid as in the real life. But in the information age, preservation of democratic values becomes highly essential exactly in this sphere, especially in the Internet. The American "Pirates" are the only political force in the U.S. that defends the Internet as an open source for all. Concerning not only copyright matters, but also the freedom of speech and information exchange, personal privacy and government transparency issues, electoral system and state officers' professional responsibility, etc., the "Pirate Movement" directly challenges affluent information market lobbies, American state agencies and legislation bodies. Therefore, it presents an alternative political force setting ambitious tasks in the political and social field.
Keywords: globalization, United States Pirate Party, international Pirate Party Movement, WikiLeaks, cyber-libertarianism, freedom of speech and information exchange, personal privacy, government transparency
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