The Perception of Russia in Europe in Context of Ukrainian Crisis

360
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2015-9-24-34

N. Lapina, Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Science (INION RAS), 51/21, Nakhimovskii Prosp., Moscow, 117418, Russian Federation (lapina_n@mail.ru)

Abstract. This article deals with the impact of various factors on the perception of Russia in different European countries. The focus is on the role of mass media, expert and political elites in forming of Russia's image, especially in the context of Ukrainian crisis. In this article, the reaction of different European counties to events in Ukraine, the polarization of European space is analyzed: some countries prefer to put a pressure on the Russian Federation, other – to find a way out of the critical situation and reach a compromise. Some political establishment representatives in France, Germany, Czech Republic support Russia and the reunification with Crimea, dispute sanctions against Russia. For such politicians, this support results from anti-American views and independent foreign policy aspirations. Other representatives of the European elite demand tougher approach and more pressure on Russia by any means whatsoever (including military ones). European business-communities reveal great interest in solving issues related to sanctions. Many entrepreneurs in Europe (in particular major corporations in France, UK, Germany, Italy), who profit from long and fruitful cooperation with Russia, are against anti-Russian sanctions. In view of the Ukrainian crisis, Russia has to face and solve various important issues. How can Russia implement a modernization project after burning all traditional bridges to the West and western friends and partners? What is the right way for Russian foreign policy to support and defend Russian-speaking people all over the world? Which European political forces can provide support to Russia? How can civil society affect and influence cooperation between Russia and Europe?

Keywords: public opinion, image, stereotype, Ukrainian crisis, sanctions, policy, Europe, Russia, Ukraine, France, Germany, Poland


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For citation:
Lapina N. The Perception of Russia in Europe in Context of Ukrainian Crisis . World Eonomy and International Relations, 2015, no. 9, pp. 24-34. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2015-9-24-34



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