Some Approaches to Interpretation of Terrorism Phenomenon

367
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-19-28

Khokhlov I., Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation (igor.igorevich.khokhlov@gmail.com).

Abstract. In this work the author discusses certain motivation aspects of the lower- and medium-level members of terrorist networks. It should be noted that the analysis of drivers for terrorist activity cannot be reduced to a single factor; in each case, a range of reasons, often interdependent and complementary, should be taken into account, as well as social, political and economic conditions "favorable" for the development of terrorism. Since the 1990s, and especially after 9/11, the studies of terrorism became more and more relevant. In this period, enormous research has been conducted regarding the logistics of a terrorist network, recruiting techniques and terrorist finance tracking. It has to be said that such research has greatly influenced the methods used today to fight terrorists in deep hiding. However, despite the ample analysis, scholars often miss one of the key elements of terrorism – the motivation of rank-and-file members of terrorist organizations that makes them give up their ambitions within the limits of universally accepted social behavior and seek to give way to their energy in the form of terrorism. Unlike the traditional criminal path which is chosen for lucrative reasons, participation in terrorist activities cannot be explained the same way.

Keywords: terrorism, theory of relative deprivation, social identification, terrorism of mass casualties, conflict of fundamentalist and European values


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For citation:
Khokhlov I. Some Approaches to Interpretation of Terrorism Phenomenon. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2015, no. 5, pp. 19-28. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-19-28



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