New Government of Chile: Challenges of Equality and Efficiency

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DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-71-80

L. D’yakova, Institute of Latin American Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (ILA RAN), 21/16, Bol’shaya Ordynka, Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation (diakova65@mail.ru).

Abstract. The paper specifies current politico-social situation in Chile, in particular the challenges associated with wide-scale public expectations of recent years, with development and expansion of radical and protest moods. While pointing at the advantages of Chilean development model shown over the period of 1990–2014 (namely, successful transition to democracy, efficient economy and large-scale social policy) the author turns to the analysis of the causes of political turbulence that acutely emerged at a time of President S. Piňera (2010–2014) in the form of mass youth’s protests against unpopular project of educational reform which has been proposed by the government. Against the background of rising of protest moods, supported in a greater degree by young students, and the mass social expectations, the author is dealing with different domestic and foreign policy challenges facing M. Bachelet, the newly elected President (2014–2018). This refers to implementing the promised educational reform focused on principles of free-of charge and affordability for everybody, the electoral system reform extending the area of political participation for small parties, to adoption a new Constitution. The new democratic government of Chile faces very serious challenge domestically. On the one hand, Chilean electorate demands to secure more social equality within the nation. On the other hand, there is an obvious need to promote more effective, dynamic development for creation competitive marketable economy. The article considers the first steps of M. Bachelet concerning tax and education reform, positions of the pro-Presidential parties and the center-right opposition. Finally, the author deals with the main aspects of Chile’s foreign policy agenda, in particular, participation in the Pacific Alliance, delimitation of a new sea border between Peru and Chile, as well as dealing with Bolivia’s claim to provide it an outlet to the sea via Chilean territory.

Keywords: Chile, development model, equity and effectiveness, social protests, educational reform, S. Piňera, M. Bachelet


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For citation:
Dyakova L. New Government of Chile: Challenges of Equality and Efficiency. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2015, no. 5, pp. 71-80. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-71-80



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