Higher Education in France: Issues and Trends

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-52-64

Strel'tsova Ya., Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 36, Stremyannyi Per., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR RAN), 32A, Leninskii Prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation (streltsovi@comtv.ru).

Abstract. Considering current problems of the higher education system in France, a number of problems can be identified. On one hand, the traditional high school encourages the intelligence, the elite formation, the deepening of existing social inequalities. On the other hand, the professional training largely focused on the labor market is expected. The contradiction between supply and demand (a demand for young professionals), the lack of opportunities for career growth at home force young Frenchmen to leave the country, which is the major issue in higher education and French society as a whole. At the same time, the educational immigration to France is increasing. The problems of coexistence of different cultures and worldviews in higher education remain actual. Such problems as "difficult" neighborhoods and employment among young people, their professional, cultural orientation, changing attitudes towards the teaching profession are important, too. The article contains the analysis of current trends and prospects of higher education, as well as of the policy being pursued by the government towards the young generation. The estimation of the present state of higher school by well known French sociologists – experts in the field of youth policy (Olivier Galland, François Dubet and others) is presented in the paper. The analogy with problems of the Russian higher education system, in particular higher commercial schools, is noticed. Fighting for youth remains the main theme in modern France. The social climate in the country may be improved by means of the young peoples' “remobilization”, using their dynamism, their knowledge and educational level which is one of the highest in Europe. The creation of prospects for self-realization at home (better conditions for an entrepreneurial activity and a political career etc.) may be considered as an alternative to the departure of young people abroad.

Keywords: higher education, business schools, France, student immigration, educational emigration, unemployment, generation of "Tanguy"

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For citation:
Strel'tsova Y. Higher Education in France: Issues and Trends. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2015, no. 5, pp. 52-64. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2015-5-52-64

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