A. Kalyadin, Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO RAN), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation (email@example.com).
Abstract. The article deals with the role of the UN Security Council in addressing critical issues of regional disarmament: the elimination of Syrian chemical weapons program; the ensuring of the exclusively peaceful character of Iran's nuclear activities; denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. It is argued that the enforcement action, coupled with political and diplomatic facilities, could bring about positive results, including the resolution of intricate arms control problems, and help to develop innovative disarmament schemes, if the UN member states were able to combine their efforts and interact firmly and purposefully within the framework of the UN Security Council. Threats to the survival of mankind, such as the spread of mass destruction weapons, terrorism and virulent diseases around the world, as well as various other strategic challenges make it all the more urgent to secure the appropriate collective action of the whole world community under the auspices of the UNO. Taking full advantage of the unique legal authority of the UN Security Council, its mechanisms and instruments to cope with crises of global security squarely meets this task. Suggestions on the strengthening of the UNSC's central coordinating role in managing international security and regulation of armaments in order to make this principal UN body a reliable guarantor of the world community's stability and humanity’s progress along the path of arms reduction are substantiated in the paper.
Keywords: the UN Security Council, consensus, disarmament, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, realization of the UNSC enforcement potential, sanctions
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