The Value Component of Educational System in France

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DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2015-1-88-103

Y. Strel'tsova, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 36, Stremyannyi Per., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation; Institute of Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISPR RAN), 32A, Leninskii Prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation (streltsovi@comtv.ru).

Abstract. The article examines which way the values in the educational system of France have been changing at various stages of its formation, particularly since 1980s. It refers to the problem of the immigration influence on the ongoing reforms in the school system. Special attention is paid to the problem of educational secularism and school reform during the presidency of François Hollande. The questions about the role of morality, the relationship between tradition and innovation in the school system are researched in the paper. In particular, the Charter of secularism prepared by Vincent Peillon is analyzed. Specifically the forms of enrolment and integration of immigrant children in schools and teaching them the French language are considered, from 1970s up to the present day. The teaching of French language acts as the main mechanism for the newcomers' integration. Changing forms of the immigrant children's adaptation are the convincing proof. Modern France faces a certain contradiction. On one hand, belonging to the most liberal countries continuing the tradition of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, it actively protects the values of freedom, openness to the world ideas, cultural interaction, etc., which is reflected primarily in the educational system. On the other hand, the real interpenetration of traditions and customs of different cultures which became possible due to the liberal migration policy begins to affect certain foundations, such as the secular character of the education system, equal rights for women and other, proper for the "traditional France". In conclusion, the interdependence between some problems of the modern French school and the immigration policy is stated in the article. This conclusion may be extended to the countries which accept a great number of the migrants. The experience of France, where the forms of the immigrant children integration are well functioning, becomes more and more demanded, also in Russia.

Keywords: values, the educational system in France, reforms, secular education, forms of enrolment and integration, teaching the French language, school, children, immigrants


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For citation:
Strel'tsova Y. The Value Component of Educational System in France. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2015, no. 1, pp. 88-103. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2015-1-88-103



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