German Participation in International Crisis Management (19912012)

397
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2014-9-34-44

P. Trunov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, b. 1 Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation (1trunov@mail.ru).

Abstract. The article discusses the participation of the Federal Republic of Germany in the struggle against new challenges of the world security sphere. In this regard the main focus is on the usage of German armed forces (Bundeswehr) for International Crisis Management (ICM), first of all – outside the NATO area. Although Germany has been taking part in this type of activities since 1991, only in 1994 German Bundestag formulated and approved the mechanism of parliamentary control over the Bundeswehr usage outside the NATO area. The author attempts to define the periods of this process and cover practical German involvement in ICM activities of the NATO, the European Union and the United Nations Organization. In this sense it is necessary to compare the forms and the average number of soldiers, which were used by Germany in ICM operations by each of these three international structures.  It is also rather important to define the main regions (countries) where German troops were used in ICM activities, and the reasons for it. Yugoslavia was the first region where Bundeswehr served for stabilization of the situation in areas of internal military conflicts. By the year 2014, the main regions of the German International Crisis Management participation became Afghanistan and Horn of Africa.The article also examines the perspectives of the Federal Republic of Germany’s involvement in ICM, considering the current and possible future results of the Bundeswehr reform, while Bundesehr was and is the main country’s instrument in ICM. 

Keywords: Foreign policy of the FRG, International Crisis Management, ICM, NATO, EU, UN Organization, Russian Federation


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For citation:
Trunov F. German Participation in International Crisis Management (19912012). World Eonomy and International Relations, 2014, no. 9, pp. 34-44. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2014-9-34-44



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