Paradigm of Human Development in Spain

374
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2014-7-5-17

G. Ponedelko, Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO RAN), 23 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation (marta0505@mail.ru)



Abstract

Main trends of human development in Spain in 1975–2013 are considered. The present high level of HDI, in particular in education, was achieved by this country for the years of its democratic transformation. Education in Spain has begun to play a considerable role since the beginning of the 1980th as a result of a number of its profound reforms. n unprecedented growth of students enrolled in schooling of different grade levels mostly in the secondary and higher education with subsequent rapid increase of HC accumulation. If earlier the main factor of the country’s economic development was the growth of its population with the dominant labor force of initial education level, by now the most representative group has become the people with secondary and higher education. Another impressive trend is the rapid growth of both female education and employment. It permits considering this gender group as a fundamental basis of the country’s present and future labor force. Despite its achievements Spanish education system is still relatively weak and having a number of serious deficiencies in comparison with the leading OECD countries. Without further education reforms Spain won’t be able to change its economic model, increase its labor force quality and to continue moving ahead on the way to social progress.


Keywords

Human development index (HDI), human capital (), primary and secondary education, higher education, occupational and vocational training, inter-company training, dual education system, labor productivity, level of employment and unemployment


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Ponedelko G. Paradigm of Human Development in Spain. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2014, No 7, pp. 5-17. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2014-7-5-17



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2021, vol. 65, No. 5

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  •  Latin America’s Economic Chances in a Post-Covid-19 World 
  •  Russia and the European Union: the Posponed Partnership
  •  The Indo-Pacific: Indian View 
  •  Central Banks Digital Currencies: World Experience 
  •  Global Oil & Gas Corporations in the Race for Technological Superiority 
View This Issue (2021, vol. 65, No. 5)
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the IV issue of 2020 and I issue of 2021 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial