The Strategic Reversal of the USA in Asia: Evolution of the Approaches

352
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2014-10-49-56

S. Starkin, IMOMI, N.I. LobachevskiiState University of Nizhnii Novgorod, 2 Ulyanova Str., N. Novgorod, 603005, Russian Federation (starkinserge@mail.ru).
I. Ryzhov, IMOMI, N.I. Lobachevskii State University of Nizhnii Novgorod, 2 Ulyanova Str., N. Novgorod, 603005, Russian Federation (iryzhoff@rambler.ru).

Abstract.      The purpose of current article is to analyze current foreign policy of USA in Asian region, which are widely defined by US politicians as the “reversal” to Asia. The key-elements of this strategy include noticeable military presence, regular military exercises, geopolitical expansion from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean, as well as preservation of American leadership and containment of growing China`s influence inside the region. Later the policy transformed into the so-called Pivot, which means a significant increase in diplomatic, economic and strategic U.S. investment in Asia Pacific.
     While conducting its new political line Barack Obama`s administration initiated U.S. participation in different geopolitical issues of the Asia-Pacific region, such as the issue of the South China Sea, dispute over Chinese dams on Mekong River and so on. Obama’s initiatives are considered by China as U.S. interference into regional affairs. Moreover, many politicians and experts predict that "Georgian scenario" could repeat in the region. This will lead to deterioration of multilateral relations due to increased presence of USA inside Asia-Pacific. 
     Analyzing the American approaches to formation of the regional security architecture the authors come to the conclusion that US administration aims to contain China in the Indo-Pacific geostrategic area. In mid-term, this policy provokes aggravation of a number of disturbing trends in the region. Basically, it becomes less stable and integrated. Apparently, US policy will lead to further deterioration of relations between USA and China. Under such circumstances, Russia should conduct cautious maneuvering between the two poles of power and stick to a policy of non-interference. 

Keywords: United States, China, Asia-Pacific region, ASEAN, international and regional security, geo-strategic balance


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For citation:
Starkin S., Ryzhov I. The Strategic Reversal of the USA in Asia: Evolution of the Approaches. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2014, no. 10, pp. 49-56. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2014-10-49-56



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