Regional Innovation Systems: Finlands Experience

206
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2012-7-51-63

V. Pchelintsev, Institute of Scientific Information on Social Science, Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAN), 51/21, Nakhimovskii prosp., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation (valentine_pchelin@mail.ru).



Abstract

The paper examines governmental strategies, main actors and instruments of innovation policies shaping innovation-driven economy in Finland, with particular attention to the regional scale. The analysis focuses on how the regional innovation systems approach became a framework for the design of innovation policies. An innovation system involves cooperation between firms and knowledge creating and diffusing organizations, – such as universities, colleges, training organizations, R&D-institutes, technology transfer agencies. Innovations are considered as interactive learning process. Cooperation and interaction between regional/local and national/international actors is necessary to combine both local and non-local knowledge, skills and competences. The key elements of the policy environment, as well as implementation of the main regional innovation policy instruments – the Centers of Expertise Programme and Regional Centre Programme – are described. 


Keywords

Finland's innovation policy, R&D, national innovative systems, regional innovative systems 


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Pchelintsev V. Regional Innovation Systems: Finlands Experience. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2012, No 7, pp. 51-63. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2012-7-51-63



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