A. Vysotskii, MGIMO University, 76, prosp. Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Abstract. The article provides an analysis of economic and political factors that determine the stability of bilateral partnerships during the Cold War and the post-bipolar world. The authors shows the impact of high international political turbulence (events of September 11, outburst of Iraqi problems, “Arab spring”) on the priorities of American strategy in the Middle East, as well as the prospects for Washington’s positive foreign policy agenda in the region, including the revision of traditional relations and reaching a compromise with new potential partners.
Keywords: United States, Saudi Arabia, Iran, “Arab spring”, Islamists, Sunnis, Shiites
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