The term “modernization”, which naturally emerged in the era of modernity, meant transition from a traditional pre-capitalist society to a more advanced one. This is a complex process developing in various spheres with different speed. Its crucial point, however, is the modernization of social relations. A key factor in trying to envisage the prospects of modernization is the quality of ruling elites.
modernization, authoritarianism, soft authoritarian regime, democratic development, modernizations of different periods, foreign experience of modernizations, quality of elite
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