Armenian Borders in the XXXXI Centuries

2
Armenian Borders in the XXXXI Centuries
// Russia and New States of Eurasia. 2022. No I (LIV). P. 86-101

DOI: 10.20542/2073-4786-2022-1-86-101

Abstract

The proclamation of the independence of Armenia in 1918 symbolized for the Armenians the restoration of national statehood. The idea of having its own historical territory, which in the past was divided by the borders of different states, but should be united in the future, is of fundamental importance for the Armenian nation. The first attempt to implement it in practice was made in the process of changing the borders after the First World War. According to the Treaty of Sevres in 1920 and the arbitration decision of US President Wilson, a united Armenia was created with an area of about 160 thousand square kilometers. In 1923, the Entente states renounced the Treaty of Sevres and concluded the Treaty of Lausanne with Turkey. After the establishment of Soviet power in Transcaucasia, border agreements were concluded between the USSR and Turkey. In Armenia, the Treaty of Sevres continues to be considered valid, the majority of political parties are in favor of resolving territorial disputes on its basis. After the unsuccessful Second Karabakh War for Armenia, N.Pashinyan took steps to normalize relations with Azerbaijan and Turkey. Russia expressed its readiness to guarantee security and assist in the delimitation and demarcation of the borders between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Further prospects for the development of the situation in the region largely depend on whether the Armenian leadership manages to develop a foreign policy course that will allow normalizing relations with Azerbaijan and Turkey, but at the same time will not cause a sharp reaction of rejection in the Armenian society. 


Keywords

Armenian question, United Armenia, Treaty of Sevres 1920, South Caucasus, Russia, Turkey, the Second Karabakh War, border disputes


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For citation:
Krylov A. Armenian Borders in the XXXXI Centuries. Russia and New States of Eurasia, 2022, No I (LIV), pp. 86-101. https://doi.org/10.20542/2073-4786-2022-1-86-101



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