// Russia and New States of Eurasia. 2019. No III (ХLIV). P. 191-207
Abstract. The problem of the return to their homeland of hundreds of foreign fighters who went to the zones of armed conflict in the Middle East and joined extremist terrorist groups is becoming particularly essential for many countries, including the post-Soviet states of Central Asia. A single and systematic approach to solving the problems of their fellow citizens who fought in Syria and Iraq on the side of ISIL (organization banned in the Russian Federation) and similar groups has not been worked out. However, it is obvious that the problem requires a careful and cautious approach, taking into account the risks borne by the return of extremist supporters who have received combat experience to their homeland. The problems of family members (women and children) of citizens of these states who were located in the Middle East combat zones, require special attention from the governments of the Central Asian countries.
Keywords: Islamism, Jihadism, ISIL (banned in the Russian Federation), extremism, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan
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