// Russia and New States of Eurasia. 2018. No 4. P. 122-131
In order to deepen the scientific and analytical-forecast understanding of the current and future places of Russia and China in Central Asia, as well as their relations, it is fundamental to try to conceptually and schematically assess Russian and Chinese factors in a historical context. One of such attempts is made in this article. It involves consideration of the presence and interaction of Russia and China in Central Asia in the areas of politics, economics and security from the ret-rospective of the following two historical periods: the heyday of the Great Silk Road and the decline of the Great Silk Road.