Kostyukova Korinna
The green transformation of Japan and some contours of the new national energy policy
Publication Type:

ISSN 2782-6015

DOI 10.18721/JE.15604

This review paper deals with the analysis of the latest energy policy of Japan, adopted for implementation at the end of 2021. The relevance of the study is supported by several factors. One of the key factors is the global agenda of decarbonization of economies and the entry of leading countries into the race to achieve carbon neutrality by reducing the amount of harmful substances emitted into the atmosphere, replacing traditional natural resources for energy production with renewable energy sources. Another important factor is ensuring the country’s energy security. Japan is the third largest economy in the world and the fifth largest energy consumer. As an island country with high seismic activity, without access to international gas pipelines or electricity, with limited reserves of natural resources and large energy needs for its developed industrial sector, the country faces significant energy security problems, relying on imports to meet 88% of its energy supplies. Such a situation is extremely dangerous for maintaining a stable life of the country, especially in the context of current geopolitical tensions and related disruptions in the supply of fossil energy sources. To achieve the set goals, Japanese government is preparing various framework documents containing both a general concept of the country’s energy development in the medium and long term, and specific measures and tasks, the solution of which should allow the country to get closer to achieving the set goals. This paper reviews the key strategies, plans and roadmaps that make it possible to understand the key direction of the country’s new energy policy, and also provides examples of specific initiatives in the field of green transformation from representatives of the country’s large corporate sector. The paper provides some conclusions of the analysis of the described measures and initiatives, as well as some possible problems that may arise during the implementation of the green innovation policy with some recommendations that can prevent or mitigate the consequences of these problems. The review showed that the Japanese government considers green transformation not only as a way to solve environmental problems through the introduction of the latest production technologies and reduction of harmful emissions, but also as one of the main drivers of the national economy and innovation, the sphere of development of both domestic cross-sectoral and international cooperation.

Keywords: digital transformation | green transformation | carbon neutrality | science and technology and innovation policy of Japan | energy policy of Japan | green energy | renewable energy sources |

Russian Science Citation Index


Kostyukova Korinna
"Зеленая" трансформация Японии (GX) и инициатива GX League // Проблемы экономики и управления нефтегазовым комплексом. 2023. № 3 (219). С. 37-43. DOI 10.33285/1999-6942-2023-3(219)-37-43.

Yurkov Sergey
Япония-2040: диалектика трансгуманизма и общество будущего // Экономические стратегии. 2023. Т. 25, № 5 (191). С. 78-93. DOI 10.33917/es-5.191.2023.78-93.

Kostyukova Korinna
Digitalization of the healthcare sector in Japan based on artificial intelligence technology: key problems and solutions

Sinitsyn Mikhail, Gakhokidze Irine
Administrative and regulatory mechanisms for promoting renewables in the power industry

Yemelyanova Olesya
The Problem of Energy Transition in Japan and Its Solution

Shlikhter Alexey
"Зеленая политика" дружественных природе крупных компаний [Текст] / А.А. Шлихтер // Общество и экономика. – 2017. – № 8. – С. 93-108.

Salitskii Alexander, Chesnokova S.V. , Shakhmatov A.
China: Ecological Revolution Strong Start

Shvydko Vitaly, Danilin Ivan, Kostyukova Korinna
Политика развития передовых производственных технологий в Японии: вызовы и перспективы [Текст] / К.С. Костюкова, И.В. Данилин, В.Г. Швыдко // Проблемы Дальнего Востока. – 2016. – № 2. – С. 81 – 89.

Pankova Ludmila
Innovation Component of the US Defense Economy. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2006.

Zimakov A.V.
Энергетика Евросоюза в условиях мирового экономического кризиса: шанс для АЭС? / А.В. Зимаков // Международная экономика. – 2010. – № 8. – С. 66–70.

Pusenkova Nina
Климатическая политика национальных нефтяных компаний: декарбонизация по-европейски или по-американски? // Проблемы экономики и управления нефтегазовым комплексом. 2021. № 11 (203). С. 52-62. DOI 10.33285/1999-6942-2021-11(203)-52-62.

Danilin Ivan
Transformation of the U.S. Model of State Science and Technology Policy: from G. Bush to B. Obama. Moscow, Ideya-PRESS, 2009. 64 p.

Voda Kristina
Japan in the Pacific region. Foreign policy strategy

Olenchenko Vladimir
Возобновляемые источники энергии: Прибалтика [Текст] / В.А. Оленченко // Экологический вестник России. – 2013. – № 3. – С. 31 – 38.

Sheliubskaya Nataliya
Брекзит и научно-техническая политика ЕС // Инновации. 2020. № 9. С. 86-90. DOI 10.26310/2071-3010.2020.263.9.011.

Kostyukova Korinna
Политика цифровой трансформация Японии на примере развития технологии искусственного интеллекта [Текст] / К.С. Костюкова // МИР (Модернизация. Инновации. Развитие). – 2019. – № 4. – С. 516-529. DOI: 10.18184/2079-4665.2019.10.4.516-529.

Transformation of World Energy: Market Mechanisms and State Policy / Zhukov S.V., ed. – Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2016. – 230 p.

Kostyukova Korinna
Digitalization of Agriculture Sector in Japan. MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research). 2020;11(4):358-369. https://doi.org/10.18184/2079-4665.2020.11.4.358-369

Shvydko Vitaly
Changes in the system of government support for science and innovation in Japan

Shchedrov Ivan
Energy transition in India: Challenges and prospects
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

A meeting of the Academic council of IMEMO was hold at the Academician N.N. Inozemtsev conference hall.



The next issue of the MEMO Journal (No. 7 for 2024) opens with the topical rubric "Security Problems in the Modern World", which features articles by A. Arbatov "The Bearing Structure of Global Security" and A. Krivopalov "The Southern Flank of U.S. Deployment in Eastern Europe".


Recently Published