Ivanov Stanislav
The Kurdish problem as a legacy of the Versailles system of world order
Publication Type:

DOI 10.15211/vestnikieran42023122131

The article analyzes the roots and origins of the Kurdish problem. The author puts forward the thesis that the unresolved Kurdish issue is closely related to the unfair redistribution of the borders of the Ottoman Empire by the victorious countries after the First World War. The Treaty of Sevres in 1920 and the subsequent Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, in fact, divided the borders of three new states of ethnic Kurdistan. Thus, the Kurds were deprived of the opportunity to create their own national state and found themselves in the position of oppressed minorities in Turkey, Iraq and Syria, as well as in Shah Iran. Having received a League of Nations mandate to govern Iraq and Syria, Great Britain and France cared least of all about the rights and freedoms of the Kurds. The so-called neo-colonizers relied in their rule on the comprador bourgeoisie from among the Arab tribal nobility and the military. The national liberation movement of the Kurds was brutally suppressed by local nationalists and the colonial troops supporting them. The problem of self-determination of Kurdish communities in the region is still relevant. At the level of an age-old dream and idea, the Kurds are unlikely to give up broad autonomy, a nation-state or a confederation.

Keywords: Middle East | Kurds | struggle for rights and freedoms | Turkey | Iran | Iraq | Syria | USA | Great Britain | France | Treaty of Sevres | Treaty of Lausanne | Versailles system of world order |


Ivanov Stanislav
Вмешательство иностранных государств в сирийский конфликт [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2018. – № 7 (856). – С. 17-23

Ivanov Stanislav
Syrian curds in struggle for their rights and freedoms

Ivanov Stanislav
Иракские курды в борьбе за свои права и свободы. Иракский Курдистан как пример решения национального вопроса в современных условиях. Saarbrucken, LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011, 176 с.

Ivanov Stanislav
Перспективы мирного урегулирования конфликтов в Сирии и Ираке [Текст] / С. М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2018. – № 1 (850). – С. 12-15.

Timofeev Pavel

Ivanov Stanislav
Iraq Kurds as the Vanguard of the Kurdish National Movement. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, no 4, vol. 62, pp. 55-62

Ivanov Stanislav
Radical Islamists as a threat of the regional and international security // Diplomatic Service - 2016. – № 5 (68). – P. 38-47

Ivanov Stanislav
Where does the middle East “Arab spring”? / Ivanov S.M.

Vorkunova Olga
Strategies for regional security: new threats and challenges(the case of the Black Sea - Caspian Sea region)

Ivanov Stanislav
Судьба советских курдов [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Восток. Афро-Азиатские общества: история и современность. – 2014. – № 6. – С. 54-64.

Ivanov Stanislav
The Middle East and the Modern World Order

Ivanov Stanislav
Радикальный ислам как угроза международной безопасности [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2015. – № 1 (814). – С. 22 – 26.

Frolov Alexander
Ближний Восток: традиции и трансформации [Текст] / А.В. Фролов, Р. Мустафин // Международная жизнь. – 2014. – № 8. – С. 45 – 62.

Zvyagelskaya Irina, Bogacheva Anastasia, Davydov Alexey, Ibragimov Ibragim, Lazovskii Stanislav, Samarskaya Lyudmila, Svistunova Irina, Surkov Nikolay, Tyukaeva Tatiana
Российская политика на Ближнем Востоке: перспективы и вызовы // Свободная мысль. 2021. № 6 (1690). С. 71-85. DOI 10.24412/0869-4435-2021-61690-71-86.

Frolov Alexander
Администрация Байдена и ближневосточное наследие США // Обозреватель-Observer. 2021. № 5 (376). С. 29-46. DOI 10.48137/2074-2975_2021_5_29.

, Ivanov Stanislav
Курдский национализм: история и современность. М.: ЛЕНАНД, 2015, 352 с.

Ivanov Stanislav
Rise of the Kurdistan Factor in Regional Geopolitics [Text] / S. Ivanov // World Eсonomy and International Relations. — 2015. — No 10. — P. 84-93

Kamkin Alexander
Middle-Eastern vector of German foreign policy (2010–2022)

Ivanov Stanislav
Armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq and prospects of their decision

Avatkov Vladimir, Syrtmach M.M., Yakimova D.A., Krylov D.S.
The Syrian refugee crisis. The problem of forced displacement in the Middle East
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

On April 12, 2024, the RIAC website published an article by Gleb Makarevich, Junior Research Fellow of the Center of the Indo-Pacific Region, “Sabre Dance: What Goals India and Pakistan Pursue in the South Caucasus”.



Attention to the readers of the «MEMO Journal»! English translations of a number of articles from No. 9, 10, 11, and 12 for 2023 have been posted on the journal's website.


Recently Published