Romashkina Natalia
US Satellites during the Crisis: Outer Space Cyber Threats. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. International Relations, 2024, vol. 17, issue 1, pp. 59–75. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu06.2024.104 (In Russian)
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ISSN 2658-6029

DOI 10.21638/spbu06.2024.104

Against the background of significant dynamic changes in the use of outer space by mankind, the transformation of outer space into a sphere of military confrontation becomes not a danger of the distant future, but a real urgent threat. Important characteristics of the current stage are the ubiquity and significant growth in the number of artificial Earth satellites, which solve more and more research and applied tasks, as well as the steady increase in the importance of applied satellites used for military purposes. The most important role among them is played by communication satellites, navigation, remote sensing of the Earth (remote sensing), as well as satellites of the Early warning system. In the course of military operations, artificial Earth satellites serve to ensure combat operations and the combat use of various means of armed struggle. The United States has the largest satellite grouping. The analysis presented in the article of the capabilities of modern US artificial satellite systems, as well as their destructive use during a military conflict, allows us to conclude that the risk of threats to international security is increasing. In addition, the facts of the destabilizing use of artificial satellites by the United States of America and other NATO countries to achieve their military and political goals increase the likelihood of an escalation of the conflict and are associated at the current stage with threats to Russia and strategic stability. Against the background of other urgent challenges and threats, this poses a number of global problems posed in this study as acutely as possible. The article presents the characteristics of the current stage of space use; the possibilities of the US ISP during the crisis, which serve to provide various means of armed struggle, are identified; the problems of using the US ISP in the current situation are posed. Proposals have been developed to minimize threats and reduce the likelihood of escalation of the conflict.


Keywords: artificial earth satellite (AES) | outer space | remote sensing of the Earth | communication satellite | navigation satellite | US satellite | military satellite | Early Warning System (EWS) | strategic stability | international security |



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