Huntington Henry P., Zagorskii Andrei, Kaltenborn Bjørn P., Hyoung Chul Shin, Dawson J., Lukin M., Dahl P., Peiqing Guo, Thomas D.
Societal implications of a changing Arctic Ocean // Ambio. 2021. DOI 10.1007/s13280-021-01601-2. URL: Published: 19.07.2021.
Publication Type:

DOI 10.1007/s13280-021-01601-2

The Arctic Ocean is undergoing rapid change: sea ice is being lost, waters are warming, coastlines are eroding, species are moving into new areas, and more. This paper explores the many ways that a changing Arctic Ocean affects societies in the Arctic and around the world. In the Arctic, Indigenous Peoples are again seeing their food security threatened and cultural continuity in danger of disruption. Resource development is increasing as is interest in tourism and possibilities for trans-Arctic maritime trade, creating new opportunities and also new stresses. Beyond the Arctic, changes in sea ice affect midlatitude weather, and Arctic economic opportunities may re-shape commodities and transportation markets. Rising interest in the Arctic is also raising geopolitical tensions about the region. What happens next depends in large part on the choices made within and beyond the Arctic concerning global climate change and industrial policies and Arctic ecosystems and cultures.

Keywords: Arctic Ocean | Climate change | Ecology | Geopolitics | Indigenous Peoples | Sea ice |


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