Salitskii Alexander
Science and Technology in China: Modernization Accomplished [Text] / A.I. Salitsky, A.V. Vonogradov, E.A. Salitskaya // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Vol. 86. 1. P. 48 56.
Publication Type:


ISSN 1531-8435

DOI 10.1134/S1019331616010081

China’s science and technology complex has shown vividly in this new century: the country has literally burst into the club of the world’s leaders. In considering the formation history, recent achievements, potential, and foreign assessments of Chinese science and technology, the authors relate this breakthrough to the consistent materialization of the modernization strategy and complex experience. The institutional structure of Chinese science combines planning and coordination “from above” with competition, initiatives of developers of technologies and industrial enterprises, and the growing protection of intellectual property. This competitive and full-blooded organism rests on a powerful information system and strong scientific–technological diplomacy, enabling it to counter external challenges successfully.

Keywords: generation and dissemination of technologies | efficiency of innovations | expenditures on science and R&D | brain repatriation | smart industry | scientific and technological diplomacy | intellectual property |

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