Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Russian Federation: National State or a State of Nations?
Publication Type:


ISSN 1026-9487

DOI 10.17976/jpps/2018.03.09

The article attempts to identify and analyze the key factors that determine the current state and prospects for the formation and institutionalization of Russia's national identity. The author attempts to answer the question whether the Russian Federation is a national state or a state of nations. The research is focused on the factors that cause the fragmentation of Russia's national identity, which faces numerous challenges related to differences in traditions, lifestyles, cultures, natural conditions, the historical differences in the development rates of individual regions, subjects of the federation, and nations. The author identifies the differences between the two main types of nationalism – civil-political, based on the institution and culture of citizenship, the idea of nation and national sovereignty, and the so-called primordial type, primarily or exclusively based on the ethnic criteria of understanding the nation and national identity. The author substantiates the thesis that the Russian nation and, accordingly, the Russian national identity are formed in the process of “remelting” the multitude of ethnoses in the single organic whole. In order to disclose the systemic and structural components of Russian national identity, considerable attention is paid to the factor of its ambivalence, the essence of which is that representatives of the vast majority, if not all the peoples of Russia, realize their identity simultaneously as representatives of the respective ethnic groups and citizens of the Russian Federation. The author shows that the process of forming a sense of socio-cultural, political-cultural, national consolidation of Russian citizenship and, accordingly, Russian national, civil or political identity, is still incomplete. The author deploys arguments designed to define the hierarchy of identities, based on the supremacy of all-Russian identity in relation to the ethnic identity, and draws attention to the fact of duality of the phenomenon of nation, formed both from below by the will of peoples, and from above under the leadership of the state. In this context, the article substantiates the idea of the decisive role of the federal center in the transformation of many constituent peoples into a single Russian polyethnic nation.



Russian Science Citation Index



OTHER PUBLICATIONS ON THIS TOPIC

Sheinis Viktor
The Bolshevic Power and the First Soviet Constitution / Sheinis V.

Sheinis Viktor
The formation of the USSR and its first Constitution.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
К вопросу о цивилизационной идентичности Кавказа [Текст] / К.С. Гаджиев // Вопросы национальных и федеративных отношений. – 2016. – № 3. – С. 98 – 105.

Sheinis Viktor
Power and law: politics and the constitutions in Russia in the XX-XXI centuries. Moscow, 2014, 1088 p.

Sheinis Viktor
Конституция 1993 года и российская политическая система / В.П. Шейнис // Российская история. – 2008. – № 6. – С. 3–28.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
The European Union at the crossroads: a conceptual aspect

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Национализм в роли идеологии / К.С. Гаджиев // Власть. – 2012. – № 11. – С. 4–8.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Политология. Основной курс. М., Высшее образование, 2006, 29,5 п.л.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Политология. М., Логос, 2002, 34,7 п.л.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Кавказ: между единством и фрагментацией / К.С. Гаджиев // Власть. – 2009. – № 10. – С. 70–75.

Prokhorenko Irina
Nationalism, Separatism, Terrorism / Prokhorenko I.

Gronsky Alexander
Русский Мир в поисках содержания [Текст] / А.Д. Гронский // Россия в глобальной политике. – 2017. – № 4. – С. 186-201.

Gronsky Alexander
Imperial Culture and its Relevance at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Khalova G., Illeritsky Nikita, Sazonova E.
Вызовы и возможности развития экономики и ТЭК Ирана // Энергетическая политика. 2023. № 5 (183). С. 42-53. DOI 10.46920/2409-5516_2023_5183_42.

Gadzhiev Kamaludin
Политология. Учебное пособие для СПО. 2-е изд., пер. и доп. – М.: Изд-во Юрайт, 2016. – 213 с.

Avatkov Vladimir
Турция сегодня: Ключевые тенденции в политическом курсе [Текст] / В. А. Аватков // Свободная мысль. – 2019. – № 2 (1674). – С. 141-146.

Malysheva Dina
Партнерство России и Узбекистана // Вестник Дипломатической академии МИД России. Россия и мир. 2021. № 2. С. 121-131.

Semenenko Irina
Political Identity and Identity Politics / Semenenko Irina S.

Avatkov Vladimir
Fundamentals of the Foreign Policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the Present Stage

Gadzhiev Kamaludin, Primova E.N.
Политология: учебник. М.: Инфра-М, 2014, 384 с.
Related publications


Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







First news
Institute News
16/05/2024

The next (No. 5, 2024) issue of the “MEMO Journal” is mainly devoted to the analysis of political processes in various regions of the world and the policies of the leading powers. The issue opens with an article by O. Davydov on the prospects of overcoming the Korean nuclear impasse.

more...

16/05/2024

On May 16-17, 2024, the Sholom Aleichem Priamursky State University (PSU) (Birobidzhan, Jewish Autonomous Region) is hosting the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Congress “Youth of Modern Russia – Value Priorities and Civil Identity”.

more...

Recently Published