Varnavskii Vladimir
The US Role in the World Manufacturing and Trade as a Global Issue
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ISSN 2542-0240 (Print)

DOI: 10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-2-100-112

The article considers the USA role and place in the global manufacturing and trade. Key aspects of the world economy transformation in the context of globalization, internationalization and liberalization are studied. As shows, USA and China are the two largest economies in the world. United States is the world’s largest economy by nominal GDP and second largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). It holds a 15.4 percent share of global GDP in PPP (2016). China is the world’s largest economy by PPP, accounting for 17.8 percent of global GDP. The USA share of world GDP declined by a total of 3.8 percentage points between 2006 and 2016. At the same time, the United States possesses great economic strength. It is also the world leader in innovation. China’s success has mostly been in lowerend innovation. This country has been less successful in higher-end innovation, where USA currently maintain a lead. The United States holds a leading position in aerospace, instrument making, cloud computing, ICT, robotics-related technologies, nanomaterials, biopharmaceutical and other high-tech industries and China significantly lags behind. Special attention is paid to the U.S. foreign trade. It is shown that the USA is one of the world’s largest importer and exporter of goods and services. It accounts for 10.5 percent of global goods and services exports in 2016 (second place after China) and 13.3 percent of global imports (first place). Despite the world’s second place after China in some economic indexes such as gross  domestic product  (at PPP), size of manufacturing and merchandise trade, USA ranks first in the world in terms of quality indicators of economic development. It remains the most powerful economy in the world. The author’s conclusion is that, the loss of US world leadership in terms of output indicators has not yet become a global problem for other countries and world economy in the whole. 


Keywords: world economy | Gross Domestic Product | world trade | world leadership | USA | China | cross-country comparisons | purchasing power parity | high-technology industries | global production configuration |

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