Stepanova Ekaterina
Regionalization of violent jihadism and beyond: the case of Daesh [Text] / E. Stepanova // Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society. 2016. 3. P. 30 55.
Publication Type:


ISSN 2364-2807

DOI 10.14220/jrat.2016.2.2.30

In the early 21st century, violent extremism in general and Islamist violence in particular have been dominated by several jihadist movements that are regionally-based, primarily operate at regional level and have been undergoing the bottom-up regionalization process. All these movements are major combatants in the world’s most intense regional armed conflicts and the lead terrorist actors against non-combatants. All try to build Islamic states in their regions. They are distinct from both peripheral islamist/separatist insurgencies fought at subnational level and from al-Qaeda as an inherently extraterritorial movement and ideology, with a fully globalized agenda. Against this background, Daesh, or the “Islamic State”, did not emerge as a global phenomenon, but as a regional movement in the Iraq-Syria context, driven by bottom-up regional dynamics and conflicts facilitated by collapse or weakness of states of the region, fueled by sectarianism and catalyzed by external interventions. 

Keywords: violent extremism | several jihadist | Islamic states |



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