Lapkin Vladimir
Cleavages in Territorial Communities, Internal Consolidation of National States, and New Challenges of Extraterritoriality
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DOI 10.31429/26190567-22-2-6-20

The article analyzes the formation and subsequent transformations of territorial-national communities with an emphasis on internal political processes associated with the politicization of existing and emerging cleavages and disagreements, with the management of political confrontations. Particular attention is paid to the state-political aspect of the functioning of such communities, ensuring the stability and effectiveness of the territorial control regime, the practices of internal consolidation that overcome the initial multiethnic and multicultural heterogeneity of such communities. Attention is also paid to the potential of their adaptability in the context of modern turbulent political dynamics. The functionally ambivalent role of modern institutions of political representation is analyzed, which is responsible for ensuring the stability and integral integrity of such communities, as well as for legitimizing the political nation and, at the same time, for legitimizing the political power, through the mandate of popular trust. The decisive role of the formation of ideas about a complex society, which underlie the entire modern array of social sciences, is noted. Becoming of a complex society has become a decisive impetus for the emergence of a special political organization (the modern state), which supplements and then replaces the institutions of social control. The article discusses the possibilities and limitations of political and institutional regulation in complex societies. And also — new challenges caused by the tendencies of atomization of the modern social environment, destatization and denationalization of statehood, the expansion of extraterritorial communities, the conflict of hierarchical and network paradigms of the structural organization of communication. Based on the analysis of a large set of trends in modern political development, the author argues for the conclusion that the potential of the modern state’s adaptive capabilities to change is far from being exhausted. Moreover, his assessment gives reason to say that the most successful state projects today are able to extend the practice of territorial control to other, non-geographic spaces of human communication.


Keywords: social divisions | divided societies | power | political confrontation | complex society | national-territorial state | democracy | nation-state | community | extraterritoriality |

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