Kharitonova Elena
The UK policy on regulation and prevention of interethnic conflicts in other countries: tools and mechanisms
Publication Type:

ISSN 1179-5629

The article reviews the British policies aimed at regulation and prevention of inter-ethnic conflicts. Such practice constitutes a major part of the United Kingdom foreign policy and continues the traditions of the British Empire. Today it is being positioned, first of all, as an integral part of the national security and counter-terrorism strategy. At the same time, it is a major component of the British overseas development aid. In terms of international development, there is a visible decline of the multiculturalism narrative while the policies based on the concepts of spreading democracy and overcoming inequalities are being continued. The shift in priorities can be explained by the internal factors, primarily by the acknowledged failure of multiculturalism in Britain itself.However the perceptions regarding the potential of establishing democratic institutions and mechanisms to prevent or regulate inter-ethnic and religious conflicts are also being challenged. The negative consequences of the Western states interventions in the Middle East region are causing doubts regarding the feasibility of spreading the British values, norms and models in other countries. Besides, conflict potential connected to the inter-ethnic and religious discrepancies in the UK is also causing increasing concerns. Today experts are starting to re-evaluate the models that are being used for conflict prevention, including the conflicts of ethnic and religious nature. However, existing policies will continue to be pursued under the new David Cameron Conservative Government, despite the criticisms regarding the utilised concepts’ limitations and low effectiveness. 

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