Gudev Pavel
Foundations of Turkish Claims in the Eastern Mediterranean
Publication Type:
Rubric:


ISSN 2313-0660

DOI 10.22363/2313-0660-2021-21-3-472-486

The Eastern Mediterranean is becoming a new region of interstate confrontation and clash of national interests. This is largely due to the discovery of oil and gas reserves, the development of which is becoming possible with the existing technology. The Republic of Turkey has a special position regarding this maritime region. The paper analyzes those bases — historical, political and legal — that determine Turkey’s current policy with regard to maritime delimitation and the settlement of maritime disputes in the Eastern Mediterranean. Particularly, it is shown that Turkey’s policy in the region continues to be based on the approaches that were announced by Turkey during the I—III UN Conferences on the Law of the Sea (1958, 1960, 1973—1982 respectively), which have remained unchanged up to now. This position, as regards both the outer limits of the territorial sea, the legal regime of islands and the delimitation of the continental shelf, continues to define the essence of the controversy between Turkey and other countries of the region, including Greece and the Republic of Cyprus. At the same time, it is shown that there is a set of circumstances that significantly limit the prospects of solving these interstate contradictions within the framework of international judicial instances, including the International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. The conclusion is made that, for both Turkey and Greece, the most acceptable option would be to work out a “model” of settlement, which would not imply the obligation of its immediate implementation. Particular attention is paid to the ideological and practical framing of Turkish claims within the framework of the “Blue Homeland” doctrine, developed by a number of retired Turkish officers. It shows how Ankara uses the ideas of pan-Turkism and neo-Ottomanism to justify its claims to vast maritime spaces. The distinctive feature of this doctrine most likely is its anti-American, anti-NATO and anti-European orientation. There is a paradoxical situation when certain ideas enshrined in this concept directly correlate with the interests of the Russian Federation. 


Keywords: Turkey, Greece, US, EU, NATO, Mediterranean, international law of the sea, territorial sea, continental shelf, UN International Court of Justice, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea |

Russian Science Citation Index



OTHER PUBLICATIONS ON THIS TOPIC

Gudev Pavel
The Sea of Okhotsk: Success or Concessions?

Gudev Pavel, Mishin Igor
American-Chinese Controversies around the Taiwan Strait (Part 2. Legal Interpretations and Controversies). Yugo-Vostochnaya Aziya: aktual'nyye problemy razvitiya, 2022, № 4 (57). Pp. 30–45. DOI: 10.31696/2072-8271-2022-4-4-57-030-045

Todorov Andrey
Future work of the International Seabed Authority in the context of the Arctic governance

Gudev Pavel, Kramnik Ilya
Канал влияния? // Россия в глобальной политике. 2021. Т. 19, № 3 (109). С. 150-160.

Gudev Pavel
The Evolution of the USA Maritime Policy // International Trends, 2012, № 10, №2. P. 57–67.

Gudev Pavel
The Sea of Okhotsk: Gain or Giveaway? [Text] / P.A. Gudev // Far Eastern Affairs. – 2016. – Vol. 44. – № 1. – P. 120 – 132.

Gudev Pavel
Problems of The Antarctic Treaty System (Political and Legal Aspects)

Gudev Pavel
Russia and China in the "trap" of justice: how the Beijing''s defeat in international arbitration will affect the interests of Moscow? (Part 2.)

Gudev Pavel
Russia and China in the "trap" of justice: how the Beijing''s defeat in international arbitration will affect the interests of Moscow? (Part 1.)

Gudev Pavel, Mishin Igor
American-Chinese Controversies around the Taiwan Strait (Part I. Essence of the Terminological Dispute). Yugo-Vostochnaya Aziya: aktual'nyye problemy razvitiya, 2022, T. 3, No 3 (56). Pp. 60–76. DOI: 10.31696/2072-8271-2022-3-3-56-060-076

Ivanov Stanislav
Проблемы освоения Арктики и национальная безопасность [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Право и безопасность. – 2013. – № 1-2 (44). – С. 95 – 99.

Gudev Pavel
Политико-правовые аспекты морской политики США в АТР [Текст] / П. А. Гудев // Юго-Восточная Азия: актуальные проблемы развития. – 2019. – № 1 (42). – С. 53-75.

Gudev Pavel
Asia-Pacific: Maritime Conflicts’ Political and Legal Background

Gudev Pavel
Перспективы формирования международного режима в Арктике // Международная жизнь, 2014, № 2, С. 88-101

Mishin Igor
U.S.’ South China Sea policy: The first steps under presidency of Joe Biden

Baranov Vladislav
Внешние границы континентального шельфа РФ [Текст] / В.Д. Баранов // Газовая промышленность. – 2014. – № 1. – С. 49 – 51.

Khudyakova Ludmila
The International Experience in the Struggle with Manipulated Transactions in Financial Markets / Khudiakova Liudmila

Bragina E.
Почему меняется международный индекс бедности / Е.И. Брагина // Международная жизнь. – 2011. – № 2. – С. 83–93.

Ivanov Stanislav
Международный терроризм: причины его возникновения и меры противодействия [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2014. – № 2 (803). – С.8 – 13.

Zimakov Andrei
Resolution on Accelerated Withdrawal of Germany from Nuclear Energetics: Federal Administrative Court, Constitutional Court, International Arbitration. What Next?
Related publications


Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







First news
Institute News
11/04/2024

Attention to the readers of the «MEMO Journal»! English translations of a number of articles from No. 9, 10, 11, and 12 for 2023 have been posted on the journal's website.

more...

11/04/2024

Attention readers of the “MEMO Journal”! Opened in free access № 1 for 2024.

more...

Recently Published