Bardin Andrey, Dovbysh Evgeniy
Integration of migrants at local level in the EU (exploring cases from Belgium and Germany)
Publication Type:

ISSN 1179-5629

The migrant integration policy is one of the key components among the measures for managing inter-ethnic relations for modern States. The importance of a strategically correct policy in this area has increased significantly over the past years. With the high European standards of living are still desirable for third-countries migrants, the integration policy is on the EU countries’ political agendas. The answers to this challenge are being actively looked for by all EU political levels: European, national, regional and local. The main burden lies precisely at the local level (communities, cities, towns, districts, counties, municipalities). This article examines the key trends in the regulatory practices of migrant integration at local level. There are two EU countries with a federal structure - Belgium and Germany - at the focus of authors’ attention. The local institutes and the policy-making processes are being analyzed and evaluated. Local integration policies in these countries is strongly influenced by the national concept of migrant integration (assimilation or multiculturalism). The overall migration situation in the country and regional socio-economic development are also important. The city can be either an active player in the development and implementation of the policy or just an implementer of decisions made by the federal government and the regions. The Belgium and Germany examples suggest that cities’ activity is of great importance for support social cohesion and conflict prevention. 

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