Naumkin Vitaly
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the Late 1920-s Early 1930-s: Lessons from the Soviet British Competition // . 2023. 5. . 161-177. DOI 10.31857/S0201708323050133.
Publication Type:


ISSN 0201-7083

DOI 10.31857/S0201708323050133

A short, from a historical perspective, but extremely meaningful and impactful episode for the history of Russian/Soviet diplomacy in the Arab East, or rather dealing with the work of Soviet diplomats in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is examined holistically in this article, following a thorough analysis of materials from the Foreign Policy Archive of the Russian Federation and the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office’s Archive, largely introduced into scholarly discourse for the first time here. The author’s attention is focused on the contest between the Soviet Union and the UK, which was still the most powerful western nation in Arabia, although the Kingdom had never been colonized, within the period - late 1920-s through early 1930-s - witnessing the emerging changes in history related to the nascent state set up by Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud. The period under review directly preceded such a most significant event for the bilateral relations as the 1932 visit to the Soviet Union by the KSA founder’s and ruler’s son - the governor of Hijaz and Foreign Minister of the KSA, Emir Faisal Ibn Abdul Aziz. It is shown that, although the British were actively using their foreign policy expertise to push back Moscow and prevent it from gaining power in the Kingdom, including through trade deals, the Soviet diplomats contrived to effectively leverage the feeling of good grace that the Saudis had for the Soviet Union, as a state that had never attempted to colonize the Arab world and had always treated the Arabs on an equal footing, which the British representatives could never afford. At the same time, the Soviet diplomats, like the British, but to a lesser degree, committed mistakes in assessing the situation and in reacting to its developments, thus useful lessons can be drawn for the modern times.


Keywords: the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia | the UK | the USSR | the League of Na-tions | diplomacy | foreign trade | the Arab Federation | anglophiles | the Syrian Party | Hijaz | kerosene debt |

Russian Science Citation Index



OTHER PUBLICATIONS ON THIS TOPIC

Velikaya Anna
Soviet public diplomacy // Place Branding and Public Diplomacy. 2020. DOI 10.1057/s41254-020-00193-0. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057%2Fs41254-020-00193-0. Published online: 13.11.2020.

Zvyagelskaya Irina
Russian Policy in the Levant [Text] / I.D. Zvyagelskaya // Uluslararasi Iliskiler. 2018. Vol. 15. Issue 60. P. 121-133.

Zvyagelskaya Irina
Political Trends in the Middle East: A Glimpse into the Future? // Strategic Assessment : A Multidisciplinary Journal on National Security : ISSN 0793-8950. 2021. Vol. 24, Issue 1. P. 128-135. DOI 10.1177/0735275115572153.

Barsky K., Vinogradov A.V., Salitskii Alexander
Dialectic Unity of the Domestic and Foreign Policy of China On the Centenary of the Communist Party of China // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2021. Vol. 91, Issue 4. P. 419-427. DOI 10.1134/S1019331621040067.

Nikitina Elena , Kelman I., Sydnes A.K.
Norway-Russia disaster diplomacy for Svalbard // Safety Science. 2020. Vol. 130, P. 104896. DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104896.

Middle East Survey. Yearbook 2023 / Irina Zvyagelskaya (ed.). Moscow : IMEMO, 2024. 191 p. ISBN 978-5-9535-0625-0. DOI 10.20542/978-5-9535-0625-0.

Kosolapov Nikolay
E - Equality // Russia in Global Affairs. 2020. Vol. 18, Issue 1 (69). P. 80-84. DOI 10.31278/1810-6374-2020-18-1-80-84.

Zagashvili Vladislav
The WTO crisis as evidence of a globalization crisis [Text] / V. Zagashvili // Social Sciences. A Quarterly Journal of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2019. Vol. 50. Issue 2. P. 60-71. DOI: 10.21146/0134-5486-2019-50-2-60-71

Kharitonova Elena, Prokhorenko Irina
Russian Science Diplomacy // Velikaya A., Simons G. (eds.). Russia's Public Diplomacy: Evolution and Practice. SID book series. Palgrave Macmillan. 2020. P. 133-146. DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-12874-6_8.

Kopytin Ivan
Saudi Aramco: ? [] / . . // . 2019. 12. . 75-79.

Zhukovskaja V.
Change in the world economic system: new role of developing countries / Zhukovskaya V

Kudinova Maria
Global Public Debt Since 1995: Long-Term Trends, Current Phase, Medium-Term Outlook for Economic Growth // Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Studies. 2023. Vol. 06, Issue 04. P. 1392-1401. DOI 10.47191/jefms/v6-i4-01.

The Middle East. Politics and Identity/ I.D. Zvyagelskaya (ed.) ; S. Patterson (transl. from Russ.). Moscow : IMEMO, 2022. 389 p. ISBN 978-5-9535-0602-1. DOI 10.20542/978-5-9535-0602-1.

Peregudov Sergey
The russian political system after the elections of 2007-2008 / S.P. Peregudov // Russian Politics and Law. -2009. - V. 47. - Issue 6. - P. 47-87.

Gudev Pavel
Learning Lessons of Donald Cook [Text] / P. Gudev // Russia in Global Affairs. 2016. Vol. 14. 3. P. 20 29.

Ivanov Stanislav
Syrian Conflict and Instability in the Middle East

Ivanov Stanislav
/ ..

Salitskii Alexander
Science and Technology in China: Modernization Accomplished [Text] / A.I. Salitsky, A.V. Vonogradov, E.A. Salitskaya // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Vol. 86. 1. P. 48 56.

Poletayev A.V.
Gross Domestic Product of the Russian Federation in Comparison with the United States, 19602004 / A.V. Poletayev // Scandinavian Economic History Review. 2008. V. 56. Issue 1. P. 4170.

Kanaev Evgeny, Muradov K.
Business in ASEAN: Practical Aspect [Text] / .. Kanaev, K. Muradov // Russian Business Guide. 2013. 3(12). P. 14 17.
Related publications


Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







First news
Institute News
13/06/2024

On June 13, 2024, the Conference “New World Order and Technological Revolution” of the IMEMO Center for International Security will be held in the Academician Inozemtsev conference hall (3rd floor).

more...

10/06/2024

On June 10, 2024, the website of the journal “Russia in Global Affairs” published an article “Victory in Defiance” by Leyla Turayanova on the June 4 results of general elections to the lower house of parliament in India.

more...

Recently Published