Arabadzhyan Alexandra
The History of the Transformation of Cuban Socialism in the Context of Contemporary Reforms: A Political Economy Perspective
Publication Type:


ISSN 0130-3864

DOI 10.31857/S013038640015614-3

The paper explores transformation of the contemporary Cuban model of socialism. The purpose is to ascertain the dynamics of the interpretation of socialism as a mode of production in three different stages. It draws on crucial sources such as the 1976 Constitution of Cuba, its 1992 amended version, and the 2019 Constitution. Each corresponds to one of the three models of development identified in the article: the Marxist-Leninist model, the special period model, and the model of actualisation process. The author also takes a more detailed look at the official documents of the First, Sixth, and Seventh Congresses of the Cuban Communist Party, reflecting aspects of socialism as a mode of production and the role of Marxism-Leninism. The paper examines issues such as forms of ownership of the means of production, changing attitudes towards exploitation, the operation of the socialist principle of distribution “from each according to his ability, to each according to his work”, and the role and scope of the planning sys-tem. The author's methodology rests upon the historical-genetic method and comparative analysis. The study indicates that Cuban socialism as a mode of production has undergone considerable changes over the course of its history. The planning system has lost its scale and short-term planning is being trans-formed from directive to indicative, while general economic policy is moving away from instruments of administrative intervention towards indirect regulation. Mid and long-term planning gets closer to the models of strategies. The actualisation model also legalises private ownership of the means of production, while the special period model views cooperatives as a socialist form of economic management. Although exploitation is condemned, the actualization model integrates it into the social system having legalised wage labour. The socialist principle of distribution is regarded only as a desired principle, but not as a functioning one. Thus, changes in the interpretation of socialism as a mode of production have been enshrined at the official level. Contemporary Cuban socialism has moved away from the Marxist-Leninist model adopted in the 1960s.

The article was prepared as part of the project “Post-Crisis World Order: Challenges and Technologies, Competition and Cooperation” supported by a research project grant from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation in the priority areas of science and technology development (Agreement № 075-15-2020-783).


Keywords: Cuban socialism | Marxism | “special period” in Cuban history | actualization of the model of development |

Russian Science Citation Index



OTHER PUBLICATIONS ON THIS TOPIC

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Эволюция политико-идеологических основ кубинского социализма и ее отражение в конституциях страны // Латинская Америка. 2021. № 11. С. 48-62. DOI 10.31857/S0044748X0017111-1.

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Ernesto Guevara’s Position in the Economic Debate on Cuba in 1960-s

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Причины протестов на Кубе в июле 2021 г. // Альтернативы. 2021. № 4. С. 107-125. DOI 10.5281/zenodo.5647114.

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
The Planned System of Cuba in 1970—1975 in the Context of Joining the COMECON

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Куба 2019: преемственность и перемены // Вестник Московского университета. Серия 8: История. 2020. № 2. С. 79-88.

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Cuban External Debt in the Context of Socio-Economic Crisis

Kapelyushnikov Rostislav
Marginalism and Marxism: The first encounter. Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2021;(2):102-132. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2021-2-102-132

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Tensions Between Cuba and the USSR After the Cuban Missile Crisis: From International Politics to Political Economy

Klinova Marina
A View in the Retrospect of Time: A History of State and Business Interaction. Marxist’s Interpretation in the Pre-October 1917 Period // Economic Strategies. – 2017. – No 2 (144). – P. 182-195.

Salitskii Alexander
Can we speak of a new social formation in China?

Kamensakya Galina
Фукуяма – реквием среднему классу и либеральной демократии или проекту Модерна? [Электронный ресурс] / Г.В. Каменская // Мир и политика. – 2012. – № 9 (72).

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Ernesto Che Guevara’s criticism of the soviet methods of socialist construction and its eventual application to the contemporary Cuba

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Интернациональная солидарность в условиях ограниченных ресурсов: кубинский опыт // Альтернативы. 2020. № 3. С. 117-139. DOI 10.5281/zenodo.3976615.

Rabotyazhev Nikolay
Realism and Utopia in the Ideology of European Social Democracy

Arabadzhyan Alexandra
Роль ценностных установок в формировании экономических воззрений Эрнесто Че Гевары [Текст] / А. З. Арабаджян // Исторические исследования. – 2019. – № 12. – С. 7-13.

Baranovsky Vladimir
Basic Parameters of Modern System of International Relations (Part I) // Polis Journal.Political Studies, 2012, № 3. P. 36–44.

Rabotyazhev Nikolay
Реализм и утопия в идеологии европейской социал-демократии [Текст] = Realism and utopia in the ideology of european social democracy / Н. В. Работяжев // Полития: Анализ. Хроника. Прогноз. – 2018. – № 3. – С. 158-180. DOI: 10.30570/2078-5089-2018-90-3-158-180.

Makarevich Gleb
«Исламский социализм» в Пакистане: эволюция, реализация и наследие во внутренней и внешней политике страны // Вестник МГИМО-Университета. 2023. Т. 16, № 5. С. 58-76. DOI 10.24833/2071-8160-2023-5-92-58-76.

Sidorova Elena
The Largest EU Countries: Budget Policy Problems / Sidorova E.A. // Contemporary Europe. – 2008. – No 4. – P. 100-111.

Khoros Vladimir
The Principle of Historicity and the A Priori Knowledge: Politico-Analytical Retrospective of the Russian Revolution
Related publications


Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







First news
Institute News
10/07/2024

The next issue of the MEMO Journal (No. 7 for 2024) opens with the topical rubric "Security Problems in the Modern World", which features articles by A. Arbatov "The Bearing Structure of Global Security" and A. Krivopalov "The Southern Flank of U.S. Deployment in Eastern Europe".

more...

08/07/2024

On July 8, 2024, the Center of the Indo-Pacific Region of IMEMO will hold a Roundtable "From Modi 2.0 to Modi 3.0".

more...

Recently Published