Portansky Alexey
Import substitution: problems of understanding policy and its objectives
Publication Type:

ISSN 2074-6040

DOI 10.33920/vne-04-2108-01

The policy of import substitution intensified in Russia in the second half of 2014 against the background of sanctions by the United States, the European Union and some other countries, as well as the introduction of counter-sanctions in the country. However, over the past period, no strong positive results of this policy have been noted in agriculture, with the exception of a narrow group of goods. An obvious negative consequence was the increase in prices on the consumer market and the restriction of the choice of food products. The share of machinery and equipment in imports has not decreased and the share of these goods in Russian exports has not increased. The article briefly describes the history of the formation of the import substitution policy in the World, its positive and negative sides. Taking into account the historical experience of the use of import substitution in the world, the author tries to identify the reasons for the lack of results of this policy in Russia. One of these reasons, according to the author, is excessive politicization, as well as bureaucratization in the implementation of the import substitution policy to the detriment of the economic content of this policy, which is confirmed by the lack of necessary calculations and a period of time for the implementation of the import substitution policy. Based on personal experience, the author also points out the negative effects of the import substitution policy that are manifested outside the economy and business, in particular, in the fi eld of higher education, which is often manifested in the distorted initial view of many students about the essence and goals of the import substitution policy. The author comes to the conclusion that only when understanding import substitution as an economic policy one can expect that this policy will benefit the Russian economy.

Keywords: Import substitution | sanctions | agriculture | industry | medicine | education |

Russian Science Citation Index


Andreeva Nina
Сельское хозяйство США: факторы, определяющие высокую эффективность отрасли / Н.М. Андреева // Человек и труд. – 2008. – № 8. – С. 43–49.

Andreeva Nina
Food security, import substitution and state of the russian agricultural sector in the new economy

Lukashin Yu.
Substitution of agriculture products import in Russia: intermediate results and perspectives

Zagashvili Vladislav
Импортозамещение и глобализация. Найдет ли Россия «золотую середину»? [Текст] / В.С. Загашвили // Металлы Евразии. – 2017. – № 3. – С. 12–15.

El’yanov Anatoly
USA’s Economic Catch-Up Development

Baikov N.
Влияние изменения цен на нефть на капиталовложения США и Канады в нефтегазовую промышленность / Н.М. Байков // Нефтяное хозяйство = Neftyanoe Khozyaistvo - Oil Industry. – 2009. – № 9. – С. 121–123.

Kondrat’ev Vladimir
Большая дорога импорта / В.Б. Кондратьев // Прямые инвестиции. – 2012. – № 6. – С. 6–9.

Salitskii Alexander, Alekseeva E.
Китай на ниве автоматизации [Текст] / А.И. Салицкий, Е.А. Алексеева // Восток. Афро–азиатские общества: история и современность. – 2017. – № 2. – С. 143-149.

Kondrat’ev Vladimir
Peru as new actor in global mining equipment value chain

Baikov N.
Investment in oil and gas industry of North America countries.

Sautkina Vera
Инновационная медицина и общественное здравоохранение: на перекрестке прогресса [Текст] / В.А. Сауткина // Вестник Воронежского государственного университета. Серия: экономика и управление. – 2019. – № 4. – С. 56-61.

Shawlai Ellina
Challenges for India’s Agriculture: Towards a New Green Revolution?

Afontsev Sergey
Crisis Management under Economic Sanctions: Mission Impossible?

Zakrevskaya Yana
Состояние российского и мирового автопрома в новых реалиях // Образование и право. 2021. № 9. С. 168-174. DOI 10.24412/2076-1503-2021-9-168-174.

Baikov N.
Из истории нефтяной промышленности / Н.М. Байков // Нефтяное хозяйство = Neftyanoe Khozyaistvo - Oil Industry. – 2011. – № 10. – С. 120–122.

Baikov N.
О состоянии и перспективах развития нефтегазовой промышленности России / Н.М. Байков // Нефтяное хозяйство = Neftyanoe Khozyaistvo - Oil Industry. – 2008. – № 1. – С. 10–13.

Kuznetsov Alexey
Образование в «электронном городе» / А.В. Кузнецов // Труды Института системного анализа Российской академии наук. – 2010. – Т. 56. – № . – С. 47–62.

Subbotin Mikhail
Санкции в режиме нон-стоп [Текст] / М.А. Субботин // Профиль. – 2016. – № 19 (953). – С. 17.

Subbotin Mikhail
Санкции в режиме нон-стоп [Текст] / М.А. Субботин // Нефть России. – 2016. – № 9. – С. 12 – 15.

Volkov Aleksei
Экономические отношения России и Норвегии на современном этапе [Электронный ресурс] / А. М. Волков // Мировое и национальное хозяйство. – 2018. – № 2-3(45). – URL: http://www.mirec.ru/2018-02-03/economic-relations-between-russia-and-norway-nowadays
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

A meeting of the Academic council of IMEMO was hold at the Academician N.N. Inozemtsev conference hall.



The next issue of the MEMO Journal (No. 7 for 2024) opens with the topical rubric "Security Problems in the Modern World", which features articles by A. Arbatov "The Bearing Structure of Global Security" and A. Krivopalov "The Southern Flank of U.S. Deployment in Eastern Europe".


Recently Published