Kuznetsov Vasiliy
State and Islam in Syria: Evolution of Administration Practices in Independence Age
Publication Type:

DOI 10.18254/S207987840028707-6

The article is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of relations between Syrian political authorities and ‘ulama’ in the period of independent development of the country. The primarily sources of the study were both official Syrian documents and media materials, as well as expert interviews of the author with representatives of the Syrian Ministry of Awqaf and civil society. The research methodology is based on approaches developed within the framework of the theory of social orders, the theory of the economics of religion and the theory of political systems. The article consists of three sections. The first section deals with the methodological problems of studying the relationship between political powers and religious elites in the Arab world. Here I propose a combined research approach. In the second part of the article, I test this approach in the analysis of the dynamics of relations between political authorities and ‘ulama’ in the second half of the 20th century. I show that, on the one hand, there was a gradual integration of the ‘ulama’ into the political system, an increase in the administrative rent received by them and a reduction in the resource rent, which led to a shortage of supply in relations between them and a wide circle of believers. This shortage of supply created opportunities for the promotion of alternative religious leaders. At the same time, despite the gradual strengthening of the government institutions, the ‘ulama’ retained significant independence in relations with the government and did not perceive themself as a simple part of the state apparatus. In the third part of the article, I consider the transformation of relations that have taken place in the context of the armed conflict, and analyze the new role of the Ministry of Awqaf. In conclusion, the question is raised about the independent role of the ‘ulama’ in the Syrian elite and the place of the Ministry in the political system.

Keywords: Syria | ‘ulama’ | Islam | economics of religion | theory of social orders | Syrian conflict |


Ivanov Stanislav
Вмешательство иностранных государств в сирийский конфликт [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2018. – № 7 (856). – С. 17-23

Ivanov Stanislav
Сирийский конфликт и роль внешних сил в нем [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Зарубежное военное обозрение. – 2016. – № 11. – С. 11 – 16.

Ivanov Stanislav
Сирийский конфликт – эпицентр нестабильности в регионе [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Обозреватель-Observer. – 2019. – № 5 (352). – С. 21-30.

Rustamova Leili
«Сирийский вопрос» в политике ФРГ [Текст] / Л. Р. Рустамова // Вопросы политологии. – 2018. – Т. 8. – № 12(40). – С. 1218–1223.

Ivanov Stanislav
Курдский фактор в современной Сирии [Текст] / С.М. Иванов // Ислам на Ближнем и Среднем Востоке. – 2014. – № 8. – С. 281 – 297.

Ivanov Stanislav
Radical Islamists as a threat of the regional and international security // Diplomatic Service - 2016. – № 5 (68). – P. 38-47

Mirskii Georgy
Islam: the history and the present.

Ivanov Stanislav
Внешняя политика Турции и региональные кризисы / С.М. Иванов // Безопасность и контроль над вооружениями 2015-2016. Международное взаимодействие в борьбе с глобальными угрозами / отв. ред.: А.Г. Арбатов, Н.И. Бубнова; ИМЭМО РАН. М.: РОССПЭН, 2016 – С. 207-225

Surkov Nikolay
Российский эндшпиль для сирийского кризиса // Свободная мысль. 2021. № 5 (1689). С. 119-130.

Rastol'tsev Sergey, Romashkina Natalia
Unresolved conflicts on the Post-soviet space in Europe and the role of Russia in the settlement (transnistrian and nagorno-karabakh conflicts cases)

Avatkov Vladimir, Syrtmach M.M., Yakimova D.A., Krylov D.S.
The Syrian refugee crisis. The problem of forced displacement in the Middle East

Frolov Alexander
Арабский пасьянс [Текст] / А.В. Фролов // Международная жизнь. – 2017. – № 8. – С. 102-121.

Ivanov Stanislav
Armed conflicts in Syria and Iraq and prospects of their decision

Ranneva Nonna
Теория контрактов как единая дисциплина (к выходу на русском языке книги Патрика Болтона и Матиаса Деватрипонта «Теория контрактов») // Вопросы экономики. 2020. № 5. С. 141-160. DOI 10.32609/0042-8736-2020-5-141-160.

Ivanov Stanislav
Syrian curds in struggle for their rights and freedoms

Barinov Igor
Ethnopolitical conflict in the Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia and EU enlargement in the Balkans

Malyshev Dmitry
Приднестровский конфликт и вопросы урегулирования // Международная жизнь. 2020. № 9. С. 58-71.

Rogozhin Alexander
Американо-китайский торговый конфликт и страны Юго-Восточной Азии [Текст] / А. А. Рогожин // Юго-Восточная Азия: актуальные проблемы развития. – 2019. – Т. 1. – № 1 (42). – С. 32-37.

Rashkovsky Evgeniy
British “Raj” and universalization of Hinduism

Romashkina Natalia, Fominykh T.
Социальные сети: новые возможности или угрозы? [Текст] / Н.П. Ромашкина, Т.И. Фоминых // Информационные войны. – 2017. – № 3 (43). – С. 16-27.
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

On June 13, 2024, the Conference “New World Order and Technological Revolution” of the IMEMO Center for International Security will be held in the Academician Inozemtsev conference hall (3rd floor).



On June 10, 2024, the website of the journal “Russia in Global Affairs” published an article “Victory in Defiance” by Leyla Turayanova on the June 4 results of general elections to the lower house of parliament in India.


Recently Published