Pantin Vladimir , Lapkin Vladimir
State-Building in The Republic of Belarus: The Role of Social Cleavages and Political Divides. — South-Russian Journal of Social Sciences. 2022. Vol. 23. No. 2. Pp. 6-17.
Publication Type:

ISSN 2619-0567

DOI 10.31429/26190567-23-2-6-17

The article analyses social cleavages and political divides in modern Belarus, as well as the influence of political divides on the dynamics and nature of state building. It is shown that the evolutionary development of the Belarusian statehood during the 1990s - 2010s was largely due to the predominance of Soviet identity, the slow politicization of the existing social cleavages, and the absence of acute social, linguistic and cultural conflicts. At the same time, there are distinct regional and trans-generational social cleavages in the contemporary Belarusian society, as well as rural-urban divisions; the politicization of these cleavages became evident during and after the 2020 presidential elections. However, due to the long-term domination of Soviet identity in Belarusian society, the embeddedness of the Russian language and culture, and the relative weakness of ethno-nationalism, the political divisions in Belarus have not reached critical point, and state building was largely associated with the Russian-Belarusian integration processes. It is concluded that internal political divisions in Belarus are important for state building processes and also for the international status of the country.

Keywords: social cleavages | political divides | state building | identity policy | Belarus | Russia | EU countries | USA |

Russian Science Citation Index


Semenenko Irina
Dilemmas of National Identity: Political Risks and Social Inputs.

Semenenko Irina, Lapkin Vladimir , Bardin Andrey, Pantin Vladimir
Between the State and the Nation: Dilemmas of Identity Policy in Post-Soviet Societies

Semenenko Irina
Metamorphoses of European Identity.

Pantin Vladimir
Cleavages in Russia and Contemporary World: Role in Domestic and International Politics

Semenenko Irina
Prospects for identity research in the social sciences: promoting non-conflict public discussion (interview of professor Lyubov’ A. Fadeeva with corresponding member of RAS Irina S. Semenenko). Political science. 2020, N 4, P. 74–85. DOI:

Pantin Vladimir
Политические размежевания и расколы в современных обществах [Текст] / В. И. Пантин // Южно-Российский журнал социальных наук. – 2019. – Т. 20. – № 3. – С. 28-40. DOI: 10.31429/26190567-20-3-28-40.

Pantin Vladimir
Ценностные размежевания и расколы в современных обществах: влияние на социально-политическое развитие // История и современность. 2020. № 3. С. 23-41. DOI 10.30884/iis/2020.03.02.

Semenenko Irina, Lapkin Vladimir , Pantin Vladimir
Social Cleavages and Political Divides in a Theoretical Perspective: Criteria for Assessment and Classification

Vasiliev Victor
Austrian Identity and European Integration / Vasilyev V.I.

Semenenko Irina, Lapkin Vladimir , Pantin Vladimir
Identity in the System of Coordinates of the World Development.

Pantin Vladimir
Mass Consciousness in Modern Russia: Cleavages, Contradictions, Conjugations

Pantin Vladimir
Civilizations in modern politics: subjectness, internal divides, dynamics. Polis. Political Studies, 2, 180-191. (In Russ.)

Semenenko Irina, Lapkin Vladimir , Pantin Vladimir
Social Cleavages and Political Divides in a Theoretical Perspective: Criteria for Assessment and Classification. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No. 5. P. 56-77. (In Russ.)

Mogilevkin Ilya
Transport and Communication Infrastructure: its Importance for Division of Labor and Technological Progress. Integration Interests in Russia. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2006.

Semenenko Irina
Political Identity and Identity Politics / Semenenko Irina S.

Bardin Andrey
Цифровые разрывы в современном мегаполисе: политическое измерение // Полис. Политические исследования. 2021. № 6. С. 73-88. DOI 10.17976/jpps/2021.06.06.

Frolov Alexander
Наш ближайший союзник: опыт государственности и развития [Текст] / А.В. Фролов // Международная жизнь. – 2016. – № 3. – С. 167 – 175. – Рец. на кн.: Государственность. Национальная идея Беларуси.– М.: Книжный мир, 2016. – 381 с.

Kuzmina Elena
Динамика внешнеэкономической стратегии Республики Беларусь // ЭКО. 2022. № 5 (575). С. 8-28. DOI 10.30680/ECO0131-7652-2022-5-8-28.

Lapkin Vladimir
Modernization, Globalization, Identity. General Problems and Russian Particularities.

Политика стран Запада: содержание, акторы, институциональные проблемы. Отв. ред. д.и.н. К.Г. Холодковский. М., ИМЭМО РАН, 2006, 170 с.
Related publications

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment

First news
Institute News

Ivan Zaitsev gave a video lecture as part of the series of programs "Influence of Buddhism on Myanmar Politics" on the YouTube channel "Proshloe: Historical Journal".



On April 12, 2024, the RIAC website published an article by Gleb Makarevich, Junior Research Fellow of the Center of the Indo-Pacific Region, “Sabre Dance: What Goals India and Pakistan Pursue in the South Caucasus”.


Recently Published